Pol Pot and the Killing Fields

Tyler Rivenbark Cambodia 6 Comments

While my family and I were visiting Phnom Penh, Cambodia, we wanted to learn more about Pol Pot and the Killing Fields. We learned that Pol Pot did terrible things to Cambodia, and it was one of the most tragic events in all of Cambodia.

This post was written by Tyler.

Who Was Pol Pot?

Tuol Sleng

Pol Pot was born on May 19, 1925 in Cambodia. He was the Communist leader of the Khmer Rouge, and came to power after the U.S. evacuated their troops in Cambodia after a 6 year war. Pol Pot began a rebel organization, and overtook power in Phnom Penh. He thought that all modern ideas were bad, so the Khmer Rouge forced everyone living in cities into the countryside. There they had hard, stressful work, and were not fed well. Many died just from the work they had to do, and others died from starvation.

Residents who disobeyed the Khmer Rouge were taken to prisons and torture chambers. Here they would be interrogated and severely tortured. The Khmer Rouge whipped, stabbed, stung, and even drowned the poor victims of Pol Pot. They lashed their enemies, stung them with scorpions, and even tried to drown them if they wouldn’t cooperate. Also, in the prison you weren’t fed much, so many, many people just died from starvation.

Tuol Sleng Prison Cell

If the victims survived the prisons then they would be taken to the Killing Fields for execution. Here the victims would be beaten to death with machetes, hammers, and even bamboo poles! Then, they threw the dead bodies into a mass grave. Sometimes, they would take children’s heads and smash them into a tree right in front of their mother!

In 1979, Pol Pot was removed from leadership of Cambodia, for the most part ending his reign of terror.  He went into hiding with the Khmer Rouge in the forests of Cambodia, and it was here that he placed land mines everywhere.  Many Cambodians were injured and killed by these hidden dangers, which still exist today. On April 15, 1998, Pol Pot died and was not charged for any crimes.

Tuol Sleng Genocide Prison

My family and I toured several of the sights used by Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge.  We visited the Tuol Sleng Genocide Prison located in Phnom Penh.  This was once a secondary school but turned into a prison and was the sight of interrogation for enemies of the Khmer Rouge.  Of the 17,000 prisoners there were only 7 survivors, and I met one of them, Chum Mey. He said that “I survived, but I can’t say I was lucky. My wife and children are dead and the torture I endured was horrible. At that time, it would have been better to die than to survive.”

Visiting Tuol Sleng Prison

Barbed Wire Fence Cambodia

Hallway Tuol Sleng

Tuol Sleng

The Killing Fields

Next we visited the Killing Fields, the sight of execution of many Cambodians. Here we listened to an audio guide tour and learned of these atrocities.  We saw the fields where the mass graves are and the memorials for the victims who died here.

Killing Fields Memorial

Magic Tree

As you can see, the time of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge was horrible! About 1.5-2 million people died, which was one quarter of the country’s population! I cannot believe that someone could have done this, and I think that Pol Pot was a terrible person.  One of Pol Pot’s infamous quotes are “Better to kill an innocent by mistake than spare an enemy by mistake.”

Killing Tree Killing Fields

Bibliography:

http://www.biography.com/people/pol-pot-9443888

http://www.tuolsleng.com/history.php

http://www.mekong.net/cambodia/redbook.htm

http://jonswain.org/articles/articles/page32/page32.html

Mey, Chum. Survivor. Phnom Penh, 2012. Print

Killing Fields Cambodia

Comments 6

  1. Hi Tyler, you did a great job on this blog post! How wonderful that you got to meet a survivor. I recently read a book about the “killing fields” and the author came to speak at the Miller library here in Howard County. It was a memoir….so the story was about her life. She and her mother were the only survivors in her family. So, I met a survivor as well! It means so much to me when there is a personal “hook” to a place or a story. You will never forget this man and his country’s history. My husband and I will be leaving for a tour of Vietnam on March 4. I hear you are going there next…….so I eagerly await your and your mom’s posts! Keep me in mind and give me some good tips! Vietnam is another country with a BIG history. Stay well, be safe and continue to have fun! Barbara Bury

    1. Hello!

      Yes, we are in Vietnam now. Just spent a few days on Phu Quoc Island. Did not do much since I am recovering from food poisoning, a goodbye gift from Cambodia. Tomorrow we head to Can Tho for a tour through the Mekong Delta and then onto Ho Chi Minh City. We will be in Vietnam for Tet, so it will be interesting as to what that is like. Thanks for reading and for posting your wonderful comments. Tyler and Kara always love the positive feedback on their posts! Thanks for reading, Julie

  2. Tyler-Thanks for educating us about Pol Pot and the Killing Fields. I too recall reading about this many years ago. Your post was well written and vey informative. Only by educating ourselves about evil leaders and tyrants can we even hope to prevent this sort of thing in the future. You have done us all a great service.. Keep it up.

  3. TYLER YOU DID AN EXCELLENT JOB IN THE ARTICLE ABOUT CAMBODIA. I KNEW ABOUT IT WHEN IT WAS GOING ON, BUT I HAVE A BETTER PICTURE OF IT AFTER READING THIS. KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK. CLAUDIA

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