Julie Czech Republic 14 Comments

Prague is one of the most photogenic cities in Europe. This was the only large Eastern European city to survive WWII without being destroyed by bombs. With gothic towers, ancient cathedrals, and the largest castle in the world, Prague is one of Europe’s great cities to visit.

The list of sites to visit in Prague is long. So long, in fact, it would take days to see all of them. Here is our short list of essential experiences to have in Prague, a good starting point for having the best holiday here.

Best Things to Do in Prague

#1 Stroll Across Charles Bridge

Charles Bridge (Karlov Most) is one of the most famous pedestrian bridges in the world, connecting the Old Town to Mala Strana. It’s gorgeous at sunset, it’s crowded midday, and it is always a joy to stroll across.

Charles Bridge

Lesser Town Old Tower

View of the Lesser Town Tower at the end of Charles Bridge


#2 Visit the Old Town Square

The Old Town Square (Staromestske Namesti) has been the market square for Prague since the 11th century. Now it is a landmark of the city and a popular tourist attraction.

Old Town Square Prague

This is a colorful, vibrant, busy place, day and night. Go shopping at the market, visit the iconic Tyn Church, and ogle at our next must-have experience, the astronomical clock.

#3 Watch the Hourly Show at the Astronomical Clock

The astronomical clock is a complicated mechanism that shows several different versions of time. Every hour, the clock puts on a brief show: a skeleton rings his bell, twelve apostles walk by, a rooster crows, and then the clock chimes.

Astronomical Clock

Old Town Clock Prague

Crowd at the Clock

The astronomical clock draws quite the crowd of people!

We didn’t think the show quite lived up to the hype, but even so, it is still one of those things that you must see while in Prague.

Enhance your experience with this Old Town Hall & Astronomical Clock Entrance Ticket. You will enter Old Town Hall, get a peek at the inner mechanism of the astronomical clock, see staterooms, the gothic chapel, the medieval underground, and more.

#4 Climb the Towers of Prague

Prague is called “The Golden City of A Hundred Spires” and there is no better way to view this cityscape than from the top of its many gothic towers.

The Old Town Hall

Tyn Church

For the best view over the Old Town Square, climb to the top of the Old Town Hall Tower. The Old Town Hall is located next to the astronomical clock.

Old Town Tower Bridge

Charles Bridge View

Golden City of Spires

This tower is located at the end of the Charles Bridge closest to the Old Town Square. From the top of this tower, the views of Charles Bridge and Prague Castle are unbeatable.

Lesser Town Bridge Tower

Lesser Town Tower View

St Nicholas Church

This tower is located at the other end of the Charles Bridge, closest to Mala Strana. It offers another unique perspective of the Charles Bridge.

Powder Tower

Powder Tower View

Of all of the towers we climbed, the Powder Tower was the least crowded. Located a short walk from the Old Town Square, this tower once served as an entrance gate in Prague’s Old Town wall.

#5 Wander through Mala Strana

Mala Strana, also called the Lesser Town, is home to some of Prague’s most famous sites, including the Prague Castle and St. Nicholas Church. This is a lovely place to go for a stroll, go window-shopping, and take more photos of this gorgeous city.

Mala Strana

#6 The Lennon Wall

When John Lennon was killed in 1980, this wall was covered with memorial graffiti overnight. Every night the police would paint over the graffiti and the next day it would reappear. John Lennon’s ideas gave the Czech people hope during communist rule, so this wall became a symbol of freedom.

Lennon Wall

Lennon Wall Prague

#7 Visit Prague Castle

Prague Castle dominates the skyline of the city. It looms over Charles Bridge and Mala Strana, forming one of the most recognizable views of Prague.

The Prague Castle complex is the largest castle in the world. It is still in use today and is one of Prague’s most visited landmarks.

Prague Castle

Hours: Castle: 6:00 – 22:00; Historical buildings: 9:00 – 17:00; reduced hours in winter
Cost: Prices vary depending on the type of ticket or tour you choose upon arrival. Visit the official website for full details.
Tour: Plan ahead by purchasing this guided tour in advance. Both the Small Group Tour option and the Private Tour option include your admission ticket and an experienced guide.

#8 St. Vitus Cathedral

Tucked away inside the Prague Castle is St. Vitus Cathedral. This gothic cathedral dates back to 1344 when construction first began. The St Vitus Cathedral is the site of coronation of Czech kings and queens and the place of burial for saints and noblemen.

St Vitus Cathedral


For those who want another bird’s eye view over Prague, climb the 287 steps to the top of the spire of the cathedral.

St Vitus Cathedral View

#9 St. Nicholas Church

St. Nicholas Church is a beautiful, Baroque church. It is located in Mala Strana just down the hill from Prague Castle.

For us, the highlight here was the view from the bell tower. In fact, this was one of our favorite viewpoints of the city. From here, you have an excellent view of the Prague Castle and St. Vitus Cathedral.

View from St Nicholas Church

St Nicholas Bell Tower

Prague Street

#10 Try a Trdelnik

This was our favorite snack in Prague. Similar to a cinnamon roll, a trdelnik is dough that is wrapped around a pole, grilled, and then topped with sugar. It’s a delicious treat and it can be found all over Prague.


#11 Visit the Jewish Quarter

The Jewish Quarter, also called the Jewish Ghetto or Josefov, is a small area near the Old Town where Jewish people were permitted to live in Prague. At one time, it is estimated that over 18,000 people lived in this small area. Buildings, synagogues, and tombstones crowded together in this small space.

Now, the Jewish Quarter looks much different. Several of the old buildings stand among the more modern architecture. The best place to get an idea of just how crowded it was in the Jewish Quarter is at the Old Jewish Cemetery. Tombstones are literally stacked on top of one another.

Jewish Cemetery

Don’t miss the Old New Synagogue. Built in 1270, it is the oldest synagogue in Eastern Europe.

Old New Synagogue

Enhance your experience with this highly rated guided tour of the Jewish Quarter.

#12 Enjoy a glass or three of Czech Beer

The Czech Republic is known for brewing some of the world’s best beer. There are numerous pubs and beer halls to visit in Prague. We tried U Fleku and U Medvidku, but the list is endless.

For more recommendations, check out this list on the Prague Stay website.

Guided tours to local pubs are also available.

#13 One Final View of Prague at Petrin Tower

As you can tell by now, we are big fans of climbing towers for the best views over the city. There’s just something about gazing out at a city skyline that excites us.

Petrin Tower looks like a miniature version of the Eiffel Tower. Climb the 299 steps to the top for another spectacular view of the city.

Prague Castle View

Petrin Tower View

Do you want a fun way to get to Petrin Tower? This guided tour will add a little adventure to the journey.

Taking a Tour of Prague

If you prefer to explore Prague with an experienced guide, then here are several highly rated tours to consider:


With More Time

Take a break from exploring the historic sites of Prague in order to take a food tour or to take a day trip to picturesque places outside of Prague.

Take a Food Tour: During this guided food tour you will taste a variety of authentic foods at locally loved venues.

Visit the Bone Church in Kutna Hora: On this 5-hour day trip from Prague, visit the St. Barbara Cathedral and the Sedlec Ossuary and have a 3 course lunch at a local Czech restaurant.

Explore Cesky Krumlov: During this guided day trip you will visit the charming town of Cesky Krumlov.

Explore Bohemian and Saxon Switzerland: During this guided day trip you will visit the mysterious and unique Bastei Bridge and more!

Where We Stayed

We stayed at Hotel Paris, a beautiful, 5-star hotel located within walking distance of the Old Town Square. The hotel is a historical monument in Prague and filled with Art Nouveau accents.

If you have any questions about the best things to do in Prague, let us know in the comment section below.

More Information for Your Trip to Prague

CESKY KRUMLOV: In our Guide to Cesky Krumlov, learn how to plan your day trip from Prague.

CENTRAL EUROPE: Plan your visit to Central Europe with our 10 day Central Europe Itinerary, which includes Budapest, Vienna, and Prague.

GERMANY: The Bastei Bridge is a beautiful place to visit in Saxony, Germany. Learn about the best things to do in Berlin, how to day trip to Rakotzbrucke, and how to spend 10 days in Bavaria.

POLAND: Plan your trip to Poland with our 10 Day Poland Itinerary. We also have guides to Warsaw, Krakow, and Gdansk, and information on how to visit Auschwitz-Birkenau.

EUROPE TRAVEL INSPIRATION: For more great ideas on where to go in Europe, check out our article 30 Beautiful Places to Visit in Europe. You can also get more travel ideas in our One Week in Europe itinerary guide, which has lots of sample itineraries for your next trip to Europe.


Are you planning a trip to the Czech Republic? Read all of our articles about the Czech Republic in our Czech Republic Travel Guide.



Prague Best things to do


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Comments 14

  1. Avatar for Odyssey Treks
    Odyssey Treks

    Wow, Great article about Prague. Yes, Prague is a city that will leave you captivated and inspired. It’s a city that has something for everyone, from history buffs to foodies, and everything in between. So, pack your bags and get ready for an unforgettable trip to this magical city.

  2. Avatar for Hillary

    Prague is such a beautiful city with so much history and charm. The list of things to do is very comprehensive and covers all the must-see attractions, from the Charles Bridge to the Old Town Square. The tips and recommendations for each attraction are very helpful, especially for first-time visitors. Overall, a fantastic guide for anyone planning a trip to Prague. Thanks for sharing.

  3. Avatar for Erica W
    Erica W

    Absolutely love reading your blog! We’re planning a trip to Prague, Vienna, and Dubrovnik in May 2024. I’d love to hear how many days you think we’d need in each place, and any close hiking opportunities we could add in! We love being outdoors, and would like to mix that in with visiting all the sights to see in each place. We’re looking at 10-14 days for the trip. Thanks so much!

    1. Avatar for Julie Post

      Hello Erica. At a minimum, 2 days in Prague, 2 days in Vienna, and 2 days in Dubrovnik. That’s 8 days, if you put a travel day in between each city. From Prague, Kutna Hora is an interesting day trip, a day trip to Cesky Krumlov is like visiting a fairytale town, or you could day trip into the Saxon Switzerland area. We had only done this from the Germany side but it is a beautiful hiking area. From Dubrovnik, you could day trip into Montenegro and hike the Ladder of Kotor (but this will be a very long day). Or, explore the islands near Dubrovnik. We hiked to Vidova Gora, the highest point on the Adriatic islands, on the island of Brac. If you like hiking and want ideas for a future trip, Slovenia is beautiful with lots of great trails, the Norway and Switzerland are awesome, and the Dolomites are our favorite hiking destination in Europe. For these places, it’s best to go July, August, or September for all of the trails to be free of snow. Cheers, Julie

  4. Avatar for Stepan Vondrich
    Stepan Vondrich

    thank you for presenting my home. It is lovely presented with really nice details. I would like to say it is almost perfect. Just for one small detail. Trdelnik is not a Czech old traditional snack, not even close with locals. This snack is originally from Romania, a different country. Romania is not even our neighbor. The main point is, that it is cheap to make it and sell expensive. By me and other locals, we call it a tourist trap for tourists. Only real snack from Czech republick is “chlebíčky” which you can buy at any stores called “cukrárna”. Most of them have it. Or you can go to any locals restaurants and get guláš, svíčková, and other great Czech foods.

    1. Avatar for Julie Post

      Thank you for writing in! I had no idea…we saw Trdelnik all over the place. Hopefully we will be planning a returning visit soon and I would love to try authentic Czech foods. Cheers, Julie

  5. Avatar for unique adventure
  6. Avatar for Tarek

    Oh on my last visit to Prague I visited most of the places you mentioed but left few like Petrin Tower, Jewish quater and Lenon wall. I just stayed for 2 days and I didnot plan well that’s why I missed those places. What about dancing house? Did you go there ?

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
  7. Avatar for Ranjita

    Hi Julie!
    Loved Ur Prague itinerary.we plan to be here fr 2 and a half days.

    cud u help me with info as to which attractions/places / sights it’s necessary to book tickets to in advance?
    Is buying a transport pass necessary to move around in the city?

    1. Avatar for Julie Post

      Out of everything on this list, the Prague Castle would be the only thing that I would recommend reserving in advance. As for the tower climbs, I do not think that you can purchase your tickets in advance. The Old Town Tower Bridge and the Lesser Town Tower Bridge would have the longest lines, I would imagine (when we did this there were no lines, but it was May 2011 so it’s been awhile). We got around mostly by walking, with an occasional ride on the metro, so a transport card is not necessary in my opinion, unless your hotel is not centrally located. Cheers, Julie

  8. Avatar for Timothy Plotts
    Timothy Plotts

    I very much enjoyed your information on Prague and other parts of the country.
    I am spending 14 days in Prague to relax and just see the sites along with several day trips.
    Thank you for all the information and I will put it to good use!!

  9. Avatar for Vaishali Gharat
    1. Avatar for Julie Post

      If you will be in the Czech Republic for 5 nights, you could stay in Prague the entire time and use this as a home base. Prague needs at least two full days. Cesky Krumlov is a great day trip from Prague. Other ideas for day trips include Bohemia Switzerland National Park (located on the border with Germany, good if you like hiking and being outdoors), Kutna Hora and the Sedlec Ossuary, or Karlovy Vary. Cheers, Julie

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