Julie United States 18 Comments

Mount Rushmore National Memorial is one of the most famous landmarks in the United States. Located in the Black Hills of South Dakota, this national memorial draws 2 million visitors per year. Mount Rushmore is worth a quick visit, whether you are touring South Dakota or road tripping across the United States. In this post, learn how to visit Mount Rushmore, with tips to have the best experience.

 

1. Interesting Facts about Mount Rushmore

The four presidents carved onto Mount Rushmore are George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln, from left to right. These four presidents were chosen because they represent the nation’s birth, growth, development, and preservation.

Originally, the plan was to portray the presidents from the waist up. However, funding ran out in 1941 so only the heads were carved from the rock.

Mount Rushmore was already named before the carving began. The peak was named after Charles E. Rushmore, a New York attorney who visited the area in 1885.

It took 14 years carve the entire sculpture, with the project lasting from 1927 to 1941.

Gutzon Borglum created the sculpture’s design and oversaw the entire project. He died in March 1941, just before its completion. His son took over leadership of the project until it was finished.

2. The Controversy Behind Mount Rushmore

The Black Hills of South Dakota are sacred to the Lakota Sioux, the people who lived on this land before white settlers arrived.

In 1868, the US government promised the Sioux that they could remain on the land, including the Black Hills of South Dakota. This promise only lasted until the 1870’s, when gold was found in the area, attracting large numbers of prospectors. The Sioux were forced out of the Black Hills so the area could be mined for gold.

Resisting the shrinking reservation sizes, Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse retaliated with attacks on the US Army. One of these famous battles was against General Custer at the Battle of Little Bighorn, aka Custer’s Last Stand. The Native Americans were later defeated at the Battle of Wounded Knee in 1890. Half of the Sioux killed were women and children.

With memories of conflict still fresh in the minds of Native Americans, Gutzon Borglum arrives to the area in 1927 with the intention to carve the likenesses of four presidents into the sacred Black Hills.

Doane Robinson, a South Dakota historian, is credited with the idea of carving faces into the Black Hills in order to promote tourism to the area. Robinson wanted to feature Lewis and Clark, Sacagawea, Oglala Lakota chief Red Cloud, Crazy Horse, and Buffalo Bill Cody, all heroes of the American west. Gutzon Borglum thought that the sculpture would have more national appeal if it portrayed four presidents. And thus, Washington, Jefferson, Roosevelt, and Lincoln were carved into Mount Rushmore.

Since the completion of Mount Rushmore, Native Americans have staged protests to have the Black Hills returned to them.

In response to Mount Rushmore, the Crazy Horse Memorial is being constructed at a different location in the Black Hills. It will be larger than Mount Rushmore and has the support of the Lakota chiefs.

Crazy Horse Memorial

Crazy Horse Memorial

If you want to read more about the controversy behind Mount Rushmore, this is a good article on PBS and The Smithsonian has an interesting article about Gutzon Borglum.

3. Best Things to do at Mount Rushmore National Memorial

When you visit Mount Rushmore, there is a lot more to do than just walk up, gaze up at the four presidents, snap a selfie, and leave. Here is a list of things to do at Mount Rushmore.

Map Rushmore

Map of Mount Rushmore from the national park service website.

Avenue of the Flags

Avenue of the Flags Mount Rushmore

This is the main thoroughfare to the Grand View Terrace. This walkway is lined with 56 flags. They represent the 50 states, the District of Columbia, three territories (Guam, the American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands), and two commonwealths (Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands) in the United States.

Grand View Terrace

Grand View Terrace Mount Rushmore

Grand View Terrace is the main viewing platform. From here, you have a clear view of the four presidents.

Presidential Trail

Presidential Trail Mount Rushmore

This trail leads up to the base of the mountain for close-up views of the sculpture. Along the way, you can learn more about the four presidents on the informational signs.

I recommend walking the trail in a clockwise direction. This trail is 0.6 miles long with 422 steps. If you walk it in a clockwise direction, it will be a mostly downhill walk, with the majority of the steps at the end of the trail.

Sculptor’s Studio

This small building is located at the end of the Presidential Trail, before you walk back up to Grand View Terrace. Learn about the tools and techniques used to carve Mount Rushmore. Ranger talks are held daily in the summer months. You can see the schedule at the Information Center (when you first enter the park) or at the Visitor Center.

Lincoln Borglum Visitor Center

Mount Rushmore Visitor Center

Located beneath Grand View Terrace, you can learn more about the history and construction of Mount Rushmore in the exhibits. There is a 14-minute film that explains how Mount Rushmore was created.

Have a Scoop of TJ’s Ice Cream

Not only was Thomas Jefferson the main author of the Declaration of Independence but he is also credited with having the first ice cream recipe in the USA. You can sample this ice cream at Carver’s Marketplace and the Memorial Team Ice Cream Station.

Evening Lighting Ceremony

From late May through the end of September, you can watch the 45-minute ceremony as the lights turn on, illuminating the faces of the four presidents. From late-May through mid-August, this is held at 9 pm and from mid-August through September 30, the lighting ceremony is held at 8 pm.

Is Mount Rushmore Worth It

For the remainder of the year (October through late May) the sculpture is still illuminated, but there is no ceremony.

PRO TRAVEL TIP: You can visit Mount Rushmore twice on the same day with one entrance fee. If you visit during the day, save your ticket for your evening return.

4. Take a Tour of Mount Rushmore

To make the most of your visit, consider taking a tour of Mount Rushmore.

Ranger guided tours are offered daily. These range from 15 to 30 minutes and cover topics such as the history and construction of Mount Rushmore. Schedules are posted at the Information Center (they are not available online). Learn more here. 

If a ranger guided tour is not your thing, you also have the option to take an audio tour or a multi-media tour of Mount Rushmore. These range from $6 to $8. Learn more here. 

On this private full day tour, visit Mount Rushmore, the Crazy Horse Memorial, and Custer State Park with a knowledgeable guide.

5. How Much Time Do You Need at Mount Rushmore?

On the quickest of visits, 30 minutes is really all you need to visit Mount Rushmore. You can simply walk up the Avenue of the Flags, take in the view from the Grand Terrace, take your photos and snap your selfies.

With one to two hours, visit the Grand View Terrace, walk the Presidential Trail, watch the film about the construction of Mount Rushmore in the Visitor Center, and satisfy your sweet tooth with some ice cream at Carver’s Marketplace.

With more time, join a ranger program. There are numerous programs held throughout the day. Learn more here. 

6. When is the Best Time of Day to Visit Mount Rushmore?

Mt. Rushmore Hours of Operation:

  • October 1, 2021 – March 12, 2022: 5 am to 9 pm
  • March 13, 2022 – September 30, 2022: 5 am to 11 pm
  • October 1, 2022 – March 11, 2023: 5 am to 9 pm

Mount Rushmore is open 365 days per year, even Christmas. However, on Christmas Day, all buildings will be closed but the park will be open.

Expect the largest crowds midday, especially on weekends. The morning is the best time to visit Mount Rushmore with low crowds. If you want to see Mount Rushmore illuminated or watch the Evening Lighting Ceremony, time your visit for the end of the day. Confirm the time of the Lighting Ceremony before your visit.

Best Time to Visit Mount Rushmore

7. When is the Best Time of Year to Visit Mount Rushmore?

In general, spring and fall are the best times to visit Mount Rushmore. Temperatures are mild and crowds are relatively low.

We visited Mount Rushmore on October 9, peak season for fall colors in the Black Hills of South Dakota, as you can see from our photos. Late September through early October is a fabulous time not only to visit Mount Rushmore but the Black Hills of South Dakota. The weather is mild, rainfall chances are low, and you get to capture the fall colors in your photographs.

In the summer, expect big crowds and soaring temperatures. Sudden rainstorms are possible, sometimes with large hail.

Mount Rushmore is open all winter. It will be cold with a possibility of snow, but this is the least crowded time to visit Mount Rushmore.

8. How Much Does It Cost to Visit Mount Rushmore?

There is no entrance fee to enter Mount Rushmore. However, you do have to pay a $10 parking fee per vehicle.

When you arrive to Mount Rushmore, you will drive through a ticket booth. Take the parking permit and then park in one of the six parking garages.

You will pay your fee at one of the automatic ticket machines that are located throughout the park. You will see these machines in the parking garages and at the entrance into Mount Rushmore. Insert your parking ticket into the machine, pay your $10 fee (cash and credit cards are accepted), and your validated parking ticket will be given back to you. You will insert this ticket into the machine to exit the parking garage when leaving Mount Rushmore.

Pay your fee at any time during your visit. This can be done before or after you tour Mount Rushmore. But don’t forget to do it. You will not be able to exit the parking garage without validating your parking permit.

The parking permit is valid for one year from the date of purchase. So, if you plan to return later in the day, tomorrow, or three months from now, hold on to your parking permit.

9. Don’t Miss the Profile of George Washington

For a unique view of Mount Rushmore, you can see the profile of George Washington from outside of the national memorial.

Mount Rushmore Profile

Profile Explanation

Located on Highway 244, less than a 5-minute drive from the memorial site, you can see Mount Rushmore from the side. Park in the small parking area to see the side-view of George Washington’s face.

To get here, turn right onto Highway 244 when exiting the park and drive 0.7 miles to the turn-out.

10. For Another Unique View, Drive Iron Mountain Road

Iron Mountain Road is one of the best scenic drives in the Black Hills. It is part of the Peter Norbeck National Scenic Byway and it connects Custer State Park with Mount Rushmore. This road twists and turns through the Black Hills. It’s a beautiful road to drive but there are two places where you can get a very unique view of Mount Rushmore.

On this road are two tunnels, the Scovel Johnson Tunnel and the Doane Robinson Tunnel, where you can see Mount Rushmore through the tunnel. To get this view, it’s best to drive Iron Mountain Road from south to north. As you drive through the tunnels, Mount Rushmore will be right in front of you.

Scovel Johnson Tunnel

Doane Robinson Tunnel

More Things to do in South Dakota

If you plan to visit Mount Rushmore National Memorial on a road trip with Yellowstone National Park, we have a detailed guide about the different driving routes between Mount Rushmore and Yellowstone.

Rapid City and the Black Hills make a great home base for exploring southwestern South Dakota. We spent one week here in October 2020 and several days in October 2021 and had a blast exploring this area. Here is a list of things to do.

South Dakota Road Trip

South Dakota pdfWith one week in South Dakota, you can visit Badlands National Park, the Black Hills, Mount Rushmore, Custer State Park, Wind Cave National Park, and day trip to Devils Tower. 

To help you plan your trip, we have a One Week in South Dakota itinerary eBook that includes this itinerary, information about planning your time in Mount Rushmore, and detailed daily schedules, insider tips, and travel planning resources. It is a 25-page version of our South Dakota Itinerary that you can download to take with you or print at home.

Click here to purchase the eBook on Etsy.com.


 

If you have any questions about how to visit Mount Rushmore or if you want to share your experience, let us know in the comment section below.

Where Are You Going Next?

If you plan to explore more of South Dakota, take a look at these articles:

If this is part of a bigger road trip through the USA, visit our United States Travel Guide for more inspiration and travel planning tips.

You Might Also Like:

 

Mount Rushmore South Dakota Travel Guide

 

All rights reserved © Earth Trekkers. Republishing this article and/or any of its contents (text, photography, etc.), in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited.

Comments 18

  1. Avatar for Paulo
    Paulo

    Being sacred to the Lakotas and part of the territory taken from them in violation of the 1868 treaty, why was the Black Hills of all places chosen to sculpt this monument? Are there no good alternatives out there in South Dakota or was it kind of a (second) vendetta 50 years after Custer Last Stand? Do you know?

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
  2. Avatar for kenny grimes photography
    kenny grimes photography

    Visiting Late May 2022 to Badlands and area for one week and then driving to Glacier NP for another week. 16 days total all for Photography.

  3. Avatar for Carmen de la Cruz
    Carmen de la Cruz

    Visiting Mt Rushmore is on my bucket list. I need information about bus tours to take you to the area. Is that possible?

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      The only tour that I know of has a link in this post under #4 Take a Tour of Mount Rushmore. On this tour you visit Mount Rushmore, Custer State Par, and the Crazy Horse Memorial. Cheers, Julie

  4. Avatar for Karen Thompson
    Karen Thompson

    We would like to visit in the spring of 2023. My husband has Parkinson’s has trouble walking long distances. Is there a tram or bus from the parking lot to the viewing area? Mt. Rushmore is at the top of his bucket list.

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
  5. Avatar for Wyn
    1. Avatar for Julie Post
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    2. Avatar for Cathy Eckman
      Cathy Eckman

      Incredible 10X over. Follow this guide. APRI 10 to 18. Just enought snow to make a Florida girl happy. BADLAND and a cave tour gave lots of pre historic info crazy Horse canyon be missed.

  6. Avatar for Bill Diggs
    1. Avatar for Julie Post
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  7. Avatar for Jerry L. Schwandt
    Jerry L. Schwandt

    What book(s) would you recommend I read for info about the carving activity, and photos of the rock before the presidents were carved there?

    I heard there is no more good rock there for another president carving. True or false?

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      I found this book on Amazon about the Carving of Mount Rushmore that might be of interest to you. As far as carving another president here, it’s not just question of running out of space or having more rock to carve another face, but since it is a national memorial, any further work may be prohibited. If you go to Mount Rushmore, this would be a great question to ask the park rangers. Cheers, Julie

  8. Avatar for Lora
    Lora

    This is the best guide I have read about Mt Rushmore! Thanks for providing such concise and detailed information. Photos are beautiful!! If we wanted to visit Mt Rushmore, Custer Park or the Badlands how much time would you recommend?

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
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      Julie

      I would recommend spending at least four days in and around Rapid City, South Dakota…2 days for the Badlands, 1 day for Custer State Park, and 1 day for Mount Rushmore and a few more nearby sites (Crazy Horse Memorial and the Mammoth Site). I plan on writing an itinerary for this part of South Dakota in the near future so keep checking back for more details. Cheers, Julie

  9. Avatar for Luca Fiorini
    Luca Fiorini

    Mount Rushmore is a famous tourist attraction in South Dakota. Every year more than 2 million people visit it. It’s shown in many movies as a secret government place. Mount Rushmore has also featured in many modern songs.

    This information given by you is excellent and in-depth. The idea of driving on the iron mountain road is awesome. Tourists can get a clear idea about Mount Rushmore after reading this. Thank you.

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      You’re welcome! Seeing Mount Rushmore through the tunnels on Iron Mountain Road is such a cool experience. Cheers, Julie

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