The South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails are two of the Grand Canyon’s classic hiking trails. You can combine these two trails together to create one massive day hike or a two-day backpacking trip. It is a long, challenging hike but it makes for some incredible memories.
With its long distance and nearly a mile of elevation gain, this is a beast of a hike. However, there is something very special about starting on the rim, hiking down to the Colorado River, and then working your way back up to the rim.
If you are up for an adventure, this hike is one of the best ways to truly experience the Grand Canyon.
Please practice the seven principles of Leave No Trace: plan ahead, stay on the trail, pack out what you bring to the hiking trail, properly dispose of waste, leave areas as you found them, minimize campfire impacts, be considerate of other hikers, and do not approach or feed wildlife.
Hiking the Grand Canyon Rim-to-River-to-Rim
The “true” rim-to-rim hike is the hike from the North Rim to the South Rim (you can also do it as South Rim to North Rim). This is a 24-mile journey that most people do as a two-day backpacking trip. It is possible to do it as one mega day hike if you are extremely fit and fast.
If you hike the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail (or vice versa) you are also hiking rim-to-rim, since you start on the rim, hike to the Colorado River, and then hike back up to the rim. It is sometimes referred to as the rim-to-river-to-rim hike. However, when people refer to the rim-to-rim hike, they are referring to the North Rim to South Rim hike.
The rim-to-river-to-rim hike has several advantages that make it a nice option for many people. For one thing, it’s a heck of a lot shorter…7 miles shorter. Since you start and end on the South Rim, you do not need to arrange a shuttle service to transport you to the North Rim. And finally, snow closes the road to the North Rim for half of the year, so there is just a short window of time that you can get to the North Rim by car.
Curious about what it is like to hike rim-to-rim? Read our article How to Hike the Grand Canyon Rim-to-Rim.
Hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails
Overview of the Hike
This information is for the hike on the South Kaibab Trail to Bright Angel Campground to the Bright Angel Trail.
Distance: 16.5 miles
Elevation Change: 4780 feet loss (to the Colorado River) and 4380 elevation gain (Bright Angel Campground to the South Rim on the Bright Angel Trail). As a reference, there are 5,280 feet in one mile.
Difficulty: Extremely strenuous
Length of Time: Usually done as a two day backpacking trip. As a day hike, the average amount of time is 9 to 10 hours, although this can vary quite a bit depending on your level of fitness
Permits: None needed for the day hike; you will need a permit to camp in Bright Angel Campground (if you do this as a two-day backpacking trip)
When To Go: This can be done year round, however, summer is the worst time to do this hike. Temperatures can soar, and with the heat, this can be a dangerous hike. Fall and spring are ideal. Winter is very pleasant but snow can make the trails slippery and dangerous.
The hiking distances and elevation data in this article were taken from the National Park website.
Map of the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail. The South Kaibab Trail is red and the Bright Angel Trail is blue.
Elevation profile of the hike
Doing this as a Day Hike
Before we go any farther, you should know that the National Park Service does not recommend doing this as a day hike. There are numerous warnings on the Grand Canyon National Park website telling people not to hike the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail as a day hike. There are also signs posted at the trailheads to discourage people from doing this as a day hike.
Even so, many people hike the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails in one day.
In order to do this as a day hike, you need to be fit and fast and know what you can handle. Park Rangers make many rescues per year for people who get in over their heads. Don’t be one of these statistics!
The South Kaibab Trail
Getting to the Trailhead
The trailhead is located near Yaki Point. The best way to get to the trailhead is to take the free Grand Canyon shuttle from the Visitor Center directly to the trailhead. The shuttle is called the Hiker’s Express Shuttle Bus. The hours of operation change throughout the year, but in general, the first shuttle is 5 am during the summer months and 7 am during the winter months.
Click here to see the updated shuttle schedule.
You cannot drive to the trailhead. The road to Yaki Point and the South Kaibab Trail is for shuttle buses only. If you want to skip the shuttle, there are a few parking spaces on Desert View Road. From here, it is roughly a half-mile walk to get to the trailhead. Don’t forget that later in the day you will need to get back to your car.
PRO TRAVEL TIP: If you are doing this as a day hike, we recommend starting the hike no later than sunrise. This gives you a full day of sunlight (which is quite brief during the winter months) to complete the hike. During the summer months, this early starts allows you to hike a portion of the trail before temperatures really heat up. It can get well over 100°F in the bottom of the canyon during the summer months.
Overview of the South Kaibab Trail
Starting elevation: 7260 feet
Ending elevation (at Bright Angel Campground): 2480 feet
Elevation Loss: 4780 feet
Distance: 7 miles
Length of Time: 2 to 4 hours
As you hike down the South Kaibab Trail, there are several landmarks along the way. Here are their elevations and distances from the South Kaibab Trailhead.
South Kaibab Trailhead: 7260 feet
Ooh Aah Point: 6660 feet, 1 mile
Skeleton Point: 5200 feet, 3 miles
The Tip-Off: 4000 feet, 4.4 miles
Bright Angel Campground: 2480 feet, 7 miles
From the rim to the Colorado River, it is essentially a downhill walk the entire the way. There will be a few, brief sections where you walk uphill, but honestly, this gives your legs a nice break from the constant downhill pounding they take.
By the time we reached the Colorado River, I was thrilled to finally walk on level ground again. Sure, walking downhill can be fast, but it really does tire out your legs.
We started at 7:15 am. It took us two and a half hours to hike to the Bright Angel Campground. We were moving fairly fast but I also stopped a lot to take photos. The views on the South Kaibab Trail are more spectacular than those on the Bright Angel Trail.
Trailhead to Ooh Aah Point
The first section of the South Kaibab Trail is the steepest and most strenuous. For one mile, a series of steep switchbacks descend below the level of the rim.
PRO TRAVEL TIP: If you are doing this hike in the winter months, be prepared for ice on the trail. During our visit in late December, there was ice on the top part of the South Kaibab Trail. Hiking poles can help on these slippery surfaces and we saw some people using ice cleats.
The views are great all long the South Kaibab Trail but Ooh Aah Point gives you your first panoramic view of the Grand Canyon. And isn’t this just the best name for a viewpoint?
Ooh Aah Point sits at 6660 feet, which is 600 feet under the rim. Stretching out in front of you is the South Kaibab Trail, the Tonto Plateau, and the colorful layers of sedimentary rock that makes the Grand Canyon so beautiful.
From Ooh Aah Point, you pass to Cedar Ridge. There are toilets here but no water. The views keep changing as you hike to Skeleton Point. However, you still cannot see the Colorado River.
This is the point where the National Park Service recommends that you turn around if you are day hiking the Grand Canyon.
The section between Skeleton Point and the Tip-Off was one of my favorites of the hike. You have to descend a series of switchbacks again, but the sweeping views across the Grand Canyon are some of the best of the day.
The Tip-Off is located on the Tonto Plateau. The Tonto Trail intersects the South Kaibab Trail at this point. This is the final landmark until you get to the Colorado River.
From here, it is one final, steep descent to the Colorado River.
The Colorado River
Another series of switchbacks takes you from the Tonto Plateau to the Colorado River.
By this point, my legs were starting to feel fatigued. As much as I was not looking forward to the massive climb, by the time we got to the Colorado River, I was thrilled to not be walking downhill anymore.
This part of the Colorado River sits at 2480 feet. Temperatures can average 10 to 20 degrees warmer here than on the rim. During the winter months, the river can be a brilliant green, like you see in these photos. However, for most the year, the river is usually brown from sediment in the water.
Bright Angel Campground
Cross the Kaibab Suspension Bridge and then it is just a short walk along the north bank of the Colorado River to the Bright Angel Campground. Here you have access to toilets and water.
We spent a few minutes here to use the toilets and have a snack before setting off again.
Bright Angel Trail
Overview of the Bright Angel Trail
Starting elevation: 2480 feet
Ending elevation: 6860 feet
Elevation Gain: 4380 feet
Distance: 9.5 miles
Length of Time: 5 to 8 hours
The Bright Angel Trail is longer than the South Kaibab Trail. But with less elevation gain over a longer distance, it is slightly less strenuous than the South Kaibab Trail. There are also restrooms and access to water along the way, so many people choose to hike up the Bright Angel Trail for these reasons.
As you hike up the Bright Angel Trail, there are several landmarks along the way. Here are their elevations and distances from the Bright Angel Campground.
River Resthouse: 2480 feet, 1.5 miles
Indian Garden: 3800 feet, 4.7 miles
3 Mile Resthouse: 4748 feet, 6.5 miles
Bright Angel Trailhead: 6860 feet, 9.5 miles
Along the Colorado River
Cross over the river at the Bright Angel Suspension Bridge.
Enjoy the one-mile, almost flat walk until you get to the River Resthouse. At this point, the trail turns away from the river and now the real fun begins. It’s time to start the climb back up to the South Rim.
From the River Resthouse to Indian Garden, it is a 3.2-mile walk. At first, you hike along a small creek. The trail steadily gains elevation but it is really not too bad. It’s a pretty walk but since you are in a canyon, you do not have the same sweeping views like you get on the South Kaibab Trail.
Eventually, you come to your first series of switchbacks. They don’t last long but they can be tiring and this is a nice preview of what is coming at the end of the Bright Angel Trail.
The views open a little bit more. Once at Indian Garden, you have access to potable water and restrooms.
The Final Climb
From Indian Garden, it is just 4.8 miles to the rim. Doesn’t sound so bad, right?
But then you look up at the rim and it’s just a giant wall of rock. It looks nearly impossible to hike up it. I had this weird combination of excitement and dread for what was still to come. But not Tyler. He was still smiling and full of energy.
Once you get to 3 Mile Resthouse, appropriately named since it is just 3 miles from the end of the Bright Angel Trail, you are really feeling the climb. By now, you have already started winding your way up the switchbacks. Your thighs are burning, your lungs are burning, and most likely, part of you is wondering why you ever thought that this was going to be a fun thing to do.
The final three miles is killer. Take frequent breaks and even though you might not care anymore, try to enjoy the view across the Grand Canyon. Just keep putting one foot in front of the other and eventually you will reach the top of the Bright Angel Trail.
From the Bright Angel Trailhead, enjoy the view and take a few celebratory photos.
About Our Experience
Our original plan was to do this hike on Christmas day as a family. However, Kara was recovering from an injury so she had to sit this one out.
On Christmas Eve, Tyler and I did this as a day hike while Tim and Kara went on a helicopter ride over the Grand Canyon.
The morning started off cold, with temperatures in the teens. Later in the day, the high temperature reached 52°F in Grand Canyon Village. This was great weather for hiking. We never got hot and we didn’t sweat very much, which meant that our demands for water were low. Tyler and I each carried 3 liters of water and maybe drank 2 liters during the hike.
We did have to be fast since limited daylight was a big factor. Sunrise was 7:30 am and sunset was at 5:15 pm. That gave us about 10 hours of daylight.
But we did this fast. Tyler and I did the entire hike in 6:48, including time to take photos, eat, and use the restroom.
Here is a breakdown of our times:
- South Kaibab Trail to Bright Angel Campground (7 miles): 2.5 hours
- Bright Angel Campground to Indian Garden (5 miles): 1.75 hours
- Indian Garden to South Rim (5 miles): 2.5 hours
The first seven miles goes fast. Since it is all down hill, it is easy to keep a fast pace. However, the views from the South Kaibab Trail are so spectacular that we stopped a lot for photos.
Our fastest section was on the Bright Angel Trail along the Colorado River and up to Indian Garden. It’s an uphill walk but not overly steep so we kept the same pace as on the South Kaibab Trail. Plus, the views on this part of the Bright Angel Trail are nothing special, so we took very few photos.
The final four miles on the Bright Angel Trail take the longest. By now, you’re most likely feeling wiped out and those last, steep switchbacks really slow you down.
How Hard Is It?
At the end of the hike, my Garmin watch told me that I just climbed 899 floors. If you were going to climb up the Empire State Building, it’s only 102 floors to the top. Imagine doing that almost 9 times.
In 2017, we hiked Half Dome in Yosemite as a day hike. The Half Dome hike is roughly the same distance but has slightly more elevation gain than this rim-to-rim hike. Even so, I say that this hike is slightly more difficult.
What makes hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail so hard is the elevation profile. By the time you get to the Colorado River your legs are already feeling fatigued. Those same muscles now have to get you back up to the rim.
This is a true test of your endurance and you need to come prepared.
ALTERNATIVE ROUTE: If you want a similar experience but a shorter route, you can connect the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails with the Tonto Trail. The Tonto Trail runs from the Tip Off on the South Kaibab Trail to Indian Garden on the Bright Angel Trail. Essentially, the Tonto Trail is a short cut. You will not hike all of the way down to the Colorado River, but this is an option to shorten this loop. This hike is about 13 miles long.
How Fit Do You Need to Be?
If you are hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail in one day, you need to be a very fit and fast hiker.
Before doing this hike, I was doing long runs of 8 miles with shorter runs during the week. I also swim and bike several days a week. Tyler runs Track and Cross Country and he has a very high level of physical fitness. Honestly, I struggled to keep up with him.
You also need to have hiking experience. There are no technical sections and the trail is so well marked that it would be almost impossible to lose your way, but it helps to have experience doing big climbs and big descents.
This is not a good hike for beginners since it covers such a long distance with so much elevation change.
If you plan to do this hike, you need to be in great physical shape. You should be able to walk 10 miles while wearing a backpack with little difficulty. You need to be prepared for lots of elevation change and if you are doing this from May to September, you also need to be prepared to hike in temperatures reaching over 100°F.
I also recommend spending some time on a Stairmaster. I did not do this but I think it would help a lot, especially during the final three miles of the Bright Angel Trail.
When to Hike Rim to Rim
The best months to do this are in the spring and fall. Temperatures are pleasant and just as long as you are not here on a holiday weekend, crowds should be low.
The summer is the worst time to attempt this as a day hike. Soaring daytime temperatures can create a dangerous situation. Your water demands will be very high and you run the risk of getting heat exhaustion or even heat stroke.
Winter can be a great time to do this hike but snow can make the trails slippery and potentially create a dangerous situation. When we did this in December, there was some snow and ice on the first section of the South Kaibab Trail.
If we did this again, I think that November would be a great time to do this hike. It’s cool but not too cold. Crowds will be low (aside from the days around Thanksgiving). And you have more daylight than during the winter months.
Tyler and I each wore a hiking backpack. Here is what we carried with us:
- Food: Energy bars, beef jerky, pretzels, dried fruit
- Water: 3 liters each in a Camelback Reservoir
- Katadyn Water Filter
- Canon 5D Mark IV camera on a cross-body strap
- First Aid Kit
- 2 Petzl Headlamps
- Cell phones (we had service on the final 4 miles of the Bright Angel Trail)
- Garmin GPS
- Hiking poles
I also wear a Garmin Fenix 7 watch. This is one of my favorite gadgets. While hiking, I had instant access to all kinds of numbers like altitude, heart rate, time and distance. It even shows the hiking trail and our location on a map.
If you are new to hiking or are curious about what you should bring on a hike, check out our Hiking Gear Guide. Find out what we carry in our day packs and what we wear on the trails.
Doing this Hike in Reverse Order
You can hike these trails in either order, but there are several good reasons to hike down the South Kaibab Trail and up the Bright Angel Trail.
The South Kaibab Trailhead sits 400 feet higher than the Bright Angel Trailhead. By starting on the South Kaibab Trail, you eliminate a nice chunk of climbing from the hike. 400 feet really makes a difference!
With less elevation gain and a slightly longer trail, the hike up Bright Angel is easier than South Kaibab.
There is no potable water on the South Kaibab Trail. If you are doing this during the warmer months, you will need to carry every drop of water with you if you plan to hike up the South Kaibab Trail. However, on the Bright Angel Trail, there are a handful of rest houses strategically placed on the trail where you can refill your water bottle. Since you will need the water more on the climb up than on the hike down, it’s a very good idea to finish the hike on the Bright Angel Trail.
Tips to Have the Best Experience
Start early in the day. This will give you the maximum amount of daylight. And if you are here when the weather is warm, you can knock out a portion of the hike before the temperatures really heat up.
Eat frequently. Tyler and I ate a snack roughly every hour to hour and a half while hiking. This steady supply of calories kept us fueled up for the final climb. Eat salty snacks and drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
There is potable water on the Bright Angel Trail but I have heard that it is not always available.You can get updated information about the available water sources in the Visitor Center the day before your hike.
Where We Stayed
We stayed at The Grand Hotel in Tusayan. It is the highest rated hotel in the area. The hotel looks impressive from the outside and the lobby is very nice but the rooms are nothing special. On Booking.com it is listed as a 5-star hotel but it looks and feels a lot more like a 3 to 4 star hotel. However, the rooms are clean and quiet and fit our needs.
Grand Canyon Rim-to-Rim
Six months after hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails, Tim and I returned the Grand Canyon and hiked rim-to-rim…North Rim to the South Rim. It’s a massive hike, 23.5 miles in length, that crosses the Grand Canyon from one side to the other.
It’s challenging, it requires advance planning, and a high level of physical fitness and prior hiking experience are a necessity.
We have two articles about the rim-to-rim hike. The first article covers the hike from start to finish. The second article covers the logistics such as what to pack, how to train, how to arrange the shuttle, doing the hike in one day or in multiple days, and more.
Did we miss anything? If you have questions or want to share your experience, comment below!
More Great Hikes in the United States
- NATIONAL PARKS: 20 Epic Day Hikes in the US National Parks
- NATIONAL PARKS: 20 Short, Fun Hikes in the US National Parks
- ZION NARROWS: Zion Narrows: Hiking the Top-Down Route in One Day
- ANGELS LANDING: Angels Landing Survival Guide: What You Need to Know Before You Go
- SEDONA: 12 Amazing Hikes in Sedona
- HALF DOME: Climbing the Half Dome Cables: A Journey in 18 Photos
- EMORY PEAK IN BIG BEND: Hiking to Emory Peak in Big Bend National Park
- ENCHANTMENTS: How to Hike the Enchantments: A Step-By-Step Guide
More Information for Your Trip to the Grand Canyon
GRAND CANYON: Check out our Grand Canyon National Park Travel Guide for important travel planning tips, sample itineraries, advice on when to go, where to stay, and more.
GRAND CANYON: Check out our guides to the Best Things to Do on the South Rim, how to spend one perfect day in the Grand Canyon, and which South Rim viewpoints are the best ones to visit. For amazing views of the Grand Canyon, check out our guide to the Grand Canyon Helicopter Tours.
SEDONA: Get links to all of our articles in our Sedona Travel Guide. To help you plan your visit, we also have guides to the best things to do in Sedona, the best hikes in Sedona, and how to plan the perfect Sedona itinerary. Learn where to stay in our Sedona Hotel Guide.
PLACES TO GO IN ARIZONA: Go hiking in Sedona, visit Saguaro National Park and Petrified Forest National Park, explore Monument Valley, photograph Antelope Canyon, and visit the South Rim of the Grand Canyon. Learn how to put all of this together in our Arizona Road Trip Itinerary.
NATIONAL PARKS: In our Guide to the US National Parks, get the full list of national parks with important travel planning information, such as things to do in the parks and sample itineraries. You can also learn more about the national parks and get a FREE printable checklist in our US National Parks Checklist.
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