Julie United States 51 Comments

The South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails are two of the Grand Canyon’s classic hiking trails. You can combine these two trails together to create one massive day hike or a two-day backpacking trip. It is a long, challenging hike but it makes for some incredible memories.

With its long distance and nearly a mile of elevation gain, this is a beast of a hike. However, there is something very special about starting on the rim, hiking down to the Colorado River, and then working your way back up to the rim.

If you are up for an adventure, this hike is one of the best ways to truly experience the Grand Canyon.

Hiking the Grand Canyon “Rim-to-Rim”

The “true” rim-to-rim hike is the hike from the North Rim to the South Rim (you can also do it as South Rim to North Rim). This is a 24-mile journey that most people do as a two-day backpacking trip. It is possible to do it as one mega day hike if you are extremely fit and fast.

If you hike the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail (or vice versa) you are also hiking rim-to-rim, since you start on the rim, hike to the Colorado River, and then hike back up to the rim. However, when people refer to the rim-to-rim hike, they are referring to the North Rim to South Rim hike.

The south rim-to-rim hike has several advantages that make it a nice option for many people. For one thing, it’s a heck of a lot shorter…7 miles shorter. Since you start and end on the South Rim, you do not need to arrange a shuttle service to transport you to the North Rim. And finally, snow closes the road to the North Rim for half of the year, so there is just a short window of time that you can get to the North Rim by car.

Curious about what it is like to hike rim-to-rim? Read our article How to Hike the Grand Canyon Rim-to-Rim.

Hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail

Overview of the Hike

This information is for the hike on the South Kaibab Trail to Bright Angel Campground to the Bright Angel Trail.

Distance: 16.5 miles
Elevation Change: 4780 feet loss (to the Colorado River) and 4380 elevation gain (Bright Angel Campground to the South Rim on the Bright Angel Trail). As a reference, there are 5,280 feet in one mile.
Difficulty: Extremely strenuous
Length of Time: Usually done as a two day backpacking trip. As a day hike, the average amount of time is 9 to 10 hours, although this can vary quite a bit depending on your level of fitness
Permits: None needed for the day hike; you will need a permit to camp in Bright Angel Campground (if you do this as a two-day backpacking trip)
When To Go: This can be done year round, however, summer is the worst time to do this hike. Temperatures can soar, and with the heat, this can be a dangerous hike. Fall and spring are ideal. Winter is very pleasant but snow can make the trails slippery and dangerous.

The hiking distances and elevation data in this article were taken from the National Park website.

Map South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail

Map of the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail. The South Kaibab Trail is red and the Bright Angel Trail is blue.

Grand Canyon Hike Elevation Map

Elevation profile of the hike

Doing this as a Day Hike

Before we go any farther, you should know that the National Park Service does not recommend doing this as a day hike. There are numerous warnings on the Grand Canyon National Park website telling people not to hike the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail as a day hike. There are also signs posted at the trailheads to discourage people from doing this as a day hike.

Even so, many people hike the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails in one day.

In order to do this as a day hike, you need to be fit and fast and know what you can handle. Park Rangers make many rescues per year for people who get in over their heads. Don’t be one of these statistics!

The South Kaibab Trail

Getting to the Trailhead

The trailhead is located near Yaki Point. The best way to get to the trailhead is to take the free Grand Canyon shuttle from the Visitor Center directly to the trailhead. The shuttle is called the Hiker’s Express Shuttle Bus. The hours of operation change throughout the year, but in general, the first shuttle is 5 am during the summer months and 7 am during the winter months.

Click here to see the updated shuttle schedule.

You cannot drive to the trailhead. The road to Yaki Point and the South Kaibab Trail is for shuttle buses only. If you want to skip the shuttle, there are a few parking spaces on Desert View Road. From here, it is roughly a half-mile walk to get to the trailhead. Don’t forget that later in the day you will need to get back to your car.

Pro Travel Tip: If you are doing this as a day hike, we recommend starting the hike no later than sunrise. This gives you a full day of sunlight (which is quite brief during the winter months) to complete the hike. During the summer months, this early starts allows you to hike a portion of the trail before temperatures really heat up. It can get well over 100°F in the bottom of the canyon during the summer months.

Overview of the South Kaibab Trail

Starting elevation: 7260 feet
Ending elevation (at Bright Angel Campground): 2480 feet
Elevation Loss:  4780 feet
Distance: 7 miles
Length of Time: 2 to 4 hours

As you hike down the South Kaibab Trail, there are several landmarks along the way. Here are their elevations and distances from the South Kaibab Trailhead.

South Kaibab Trailhead:  7260 feet
Ooh Aah Point:  6660 feet, 1 mile
Skeleton Point:  5200 feet, 3 miles
The Tip-Off:  4000 feet, 4.4 miles
Bright Angel Campground:  2480 feet, 7 miles

From the rim to the Colorado River, it is essentially a downhill walk the entire the way. There will be a few, brief sections where you walk uphill, but honestly, this gives your legs a nice break from the constant downhill pounding they take.

By the time we reached the Colorado River, I was thrilled to finally walk on level ground again. Sure, walking downhill can be fast, but it really does tire out your legs.

We started at 7:15 am. It took us two and a half hours to hike to the Bright Angel Campground. We were moving fairly fast but I also stopped a lot to take photos. The views on the South Kaibab Trail are more spectacular than those on the Bright Angel Trail.

Trailhead to Ooh Aah Point

The first section of the South Kaibab Trail is the steepest and most strenuous. For one mile, a series of steep switchbacks descend below the level of the rim.

South Kaibab in December

South Kaibab Switchbacks

Ooh Aah Point in December

Pro Travel Tip: If you are doing this hike in the winter months, be prepared for ice on the trail. During our visit in late December, there was ice on the top part of the South Kaibab Trail. Hiking poles can help on these slippery surfaces and we saw some people using crampons.

The views are great all long the South Kaibab Trail but Ooh Aah Point gives you your first panoramic view of the Grand Canyon. And isn’t this just the best name for a viewpoint?

Ooh Aah Point sits at 6660 feet, which is 600 feet under the rim. Stretching out in front of you is the South Kaibab Trail, the Tonto Plateau, and the colorful layers of sedimentary rock that makes the Grand Canyon so beautiful.

Ooh Aah Point

Tyler at Ooh Aah Point

Hike Grand Canyon

South Kaibab Trail

Skeleton Point

From Ooh Aah Point, you pass to Cedar Ridge. There are toilets here but no water. The views keep changing as you hike to Skeleton Point. However, you still cannot see the Colorado River.

This is the point where the National Park Service recommends that you turn around if you are day hiking the Grand Canyon.

Skeleton Point

The Tip-Off

The section between Skeleton Point and the Tip-Off was one of my favorites of the hike. You have to descend a series of switchbacks again, but the sweeping views across the Grand Canyon are some of the best of the day.

Grand Canyon Hike

Grand Canyon Day Hike

Tyler Rivenbark

The Tip-Off is located on the Tonto Plateau. The Tonto Trail intersects the South Kaibab Trail at this point. This is the final landmark until you get to the Colorado River.

From here, it is one final, steep descent to the Colorado River.

Tip Off

The Colorado River

Another series of switchbacks takes you from the Tonto Plateau to the Colorado River.

Near the Colorado River

By this point, my legs were starting to feel fatigued. As much as I was not looking forward to the massive climb, by the time we got to the Colorado River, I was thrilled to not be walking downhill anymore.

This part of the Colorado River sits at 2480 feet. Temperatures can average 10 to 20 degrees warmer here than on the rim. During the winter months, the river can be a brilliant green, like you see in these photos. However, for most the year, the river is usually brown from sediment in the water.

Kaibab Bridge

Colorado River Grand Canyon

Bright Angel Campground

Cross the Kaibab Suspension Bridge and then it is just a short walk along the north bank of the Colorado River to the Bright Angel Campground. Here you have access to toilets and water.

We spent a few minutes here to use the toilets and have a snack before setting off again.

Bright Angel Trail

Overview of the Bright Angel Trail

Starting elevation: 2480 feet
Ending elevation: 6860 feet
Elevation Gain:  4380 feet
Distance: 9.5 miles
Length of Time: 5 to 8 hours

The Bright Angel Trail is longer than the South Kaibab Trail. But with less elevation gain over a longer distance, it is slightly less strenuous than the South Kaibab Trail. There are also restrooms and access to water along the way, so many people choose to hike up the Bright Angel Trail for these reasons.

As you hike up the Bright Angel Trail, there are several landmarks along the way. Here are their elevations and distances from the Bright Angel Campground.

River Resthouse:  2480 feet, 1.5 miles
Indian Garden:  3800 feet, 4.7 miles
3 Mile Resthouse:  4748 feet, 6.5 miles
Bright Angel Trailhead:  6860 feet, 9.5 miles

Along the Colorado River

Cross over the river at the Bright Angel Suspension Bridge.

Enjoy the one-mile, almost flat walk until you get to the River Resthouse. At this point, the trail turns away from the river and now the real fun begins. It’s time to start the climb back up to the South Rim.

Indian Garden

From the River Resthouse to Indian Garden, it is a 3.2-mile walk. At first, you hike along a small creek. The trail steadily gains elevation but it is really not too bad. It’s a pretty walk but since you are in a canyon, you do not have the same sweeping views like you get on the South Kaibab Trail.

South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails

Eventually, you come to your first series of switchbacks. They don’t last long but they can be tiring and this is a nice preview of what is coming at the end of the Bright Angel Trail.

The views open a little bit more. Once at Indian Garden, you have access to potable water and restrooms.

Canyon View

Indian Garden

Indian Garden

The Final Climb

From Indian Garden, it is just 4.8 miles to the rim. Doesn’t sound so bad, right?

But then you look up at the rim and it’s just a giant wall of rock. It looks nearly impossible to hike up it. I had this weird combination of excitement and dread for what was still to come. But not Tyler. He was still smiling and full of energy.

Four Miles to go

Once you get to 3 Mile Resthouse, appropriately named since it is just 3 miles from the end of the Bright Angel Trail, you are really feeling the climb. By now, you have already started winding your way up the switchbacks. Your thighs are burning, your lungs are burning, and most likely, part of you is wondering why you ever thought that this was going to be a fun thing to do.

3 Mile House

The final three miles is killer. Take frequent breaks and even though you might not care anymore, try to enjoy the view across the Grand Canyon. Just keep putting one foot in front of the other and eventually you will reach the top of the Bright Angel Trail.

Bright Angel Trail

View of the Trail

Hike Grand Canyon Bright Angel

From the Bright Angel Trailhead, enjoy the view and take a few celebratory photos.

Julie and Tyler Grand Canyon

About Our Experience

Our original plan was to do this hike on Christmas day as a family. However, Kara was recovering from an injury so she had to sit this one out.

On Christmas Eve, Tyler and I did this as a day hike while Tim and Kara went on a helicopter ride over the Grand Canyon.

The morning started off cold, with temperatures in the teens. Later in the day, the high temperature reached 52°F in Grand Canyon Village. This was great weather for hiking. We never got hot and we didn’t sweat very much, which meant that our demands for water were low. Tyler and I each carried 3 liters of water and maybe drank 2 liters during the hike.

We did have to be fast since limited daylight was a big factor. Sunrise was 7:30 am and sunset was at 5:15 pm. That gave us about 10 hours of daylight.

But we did this fast. Tyler and I did the entire hike in 6:48, including time to take photos, eat, and use the restroom.

Here is a breakdown of our times:

  • South Kaibab Trail to Bright Angel Campground (7 miles): 2.5 hours
  • Bright Angel Campground to Indian Garden (5 miles): 1.75 hours
  • Indian Garden to South Rim (5 miles): 2.5 hours

The first seven miles goes fast. Since it is all down hill, it is easy to keep a fast pace. However, the views from the South Kaibab Trail are so spectacular that we stopped a lot for photos.

Our fastest section was on the Bright Angel Trail along the Colorado River and up to Indian Garden. It’s an uphill walk but not overly steep so we kept the same pace as on the South Kaibab Trail. Plus, the views on this part of the Bright Angel Trail are nothing special, so we took very few photos.

The final four miles on the Bright Angel Trail take the longest. By now, you’re most likely feeling wiped out and those last, steep switchbacks really slow you down.

How Hard Is It?

At the end of the hike, my Garmin watch told me that I just climbed 899 floors. If you were going to climb up the Empire State Building, it’s only 102 floors to the top. Imagine doing that almost 9 times.

In 2017, we hiked Half Dome in Yosemite as a day hike. The Half Dome hike is roughly the same distance but has slightly more elevation gain than this rim-to-rim hike. Even so, I say that this hike is slightly more difficult.

What makes hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail so hard is the elevation profile. By the time you get to the Colorado River your legs are already feeling fatigued. Those same muscles now have to get you back up to the rim.

This is a true test of your endurance and you need to come prepared.

How Fit Do You Need to Be?

If you are hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trail in one day, you need to be a very fit and fast hiker.

Before doing this hike, I was doing long runs of 8 miles with shorter runs during the week. I also swim and bike several days a week. Tyler runs Track and Cross Country and he has a very high level of physical fitness. Honestly, I struggled to keep up with him.

You also need to have hiking experience. There are no technical sections and the trail is so well marked that it would be almost impossible to lose your way, but it helps to have experience doing big climbs and big descents.

This is not a good hike for beginners since it covers such a long distance with so much elevation change.

If you plan to do this hike, you need to be in great physical shape. You should be able to walk 10 miles while wearing a backpack with little difficulty. You need to be prepared for lots of elevation change and if you are doing this from May to September, you also need to be prepared to hike in temperatures reaching over 100°F.

I also recommend spending some time on a Stairmaster. I did not do this but I think it would help a lot, especially during the final three miles of the Bright Angel Trail.

When to Hike Rim to Rim

The best months to do this are in the Spring and Fall. Temperatures are pleasant and just as long as you are not here on a holiday weekend, crowds should be low.

The summer is the worst time to attempt this as a day hike. Soaring daytime temperatures can create a dangerous situation. Your water demands will be very high and you run the risk of getting heat exhaustion or even heat stroke.

Winter can be a great time to do this hike but snow can make the trails slippery and potentially create a dangerous situation. When we did this in December, there was some snow and ice on the first section of the South Kaibab Trail.

If we did this again, I think that November would be a great time to do this hike. It’s cool but not too cold. Crowds will be low (aside from the days around Thanksgiving). And you have more daylight than during the winter months.

Packing List

Tyler and I each wore a hiking backpack. Here is what we carried with us:

I also wear a Garmin Fenix 5s watch. This is one of my favorite gadgets. While hiking, I had instant access to all kinds of numbers like altitude, heart rate, time and distance. It even shows the hiking trail and our location on a map.

Doing this Hike in Reverse Order

You can hike these trails in either order, but there are several good reasons to hike down the South Kaibab Trail and up the Bright Angel Trail.

The South Kaibab Trailhead sits 400 feet higher than the Bright Angel Trailhead. By starting on the South Kaibab Trail, you eliminate a nice chunk of climbing from the hike. 400 feet really makes a difference!

With less elevation gain and a slightly longer trail, the hike up Bright Angel is easier than South Kaibab.

There is no potable water on the South Kaibab Trail. If you are doing this during the warmer months, you will need to carry every drop of water with you if you plan to hike up the South Kaibab Trail. However, on the Bright Angel Trail, there are a handful of rest houses strategically placed on the trail where you can refill your water bottle. Since you will need the water more on the climb up than on the hike down, it’s a very good idea to finish the hike on the Bright Angel Trail.

Tips to Have the Best Experience

Start early in the day. This will give you the maximum amount of daylight. And if you are here when the weather is warm, you can knock out a portion of the hike before the temperatures really heat up.

Eat frequently. Tyler and I ate a snack roughly every hour to hour and a half while hiking. This steady supply of calories kept us fueled up for the final climb. Eat salty snacks and drink plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.

There is potable water on the Bright Angel Trail but I have heard that it is not always available.You can get updated information about the available water sources in the Visitor Center the day before your hike.

Where We Stayed

We stayed at The Grand Hotel in Tusayan. It is the highest rated hotel in the area. The hotel looks impressive from the outside and the lobby is very nice but the rooms are nothing special. On Booking.com it is listed as a 5-star hotel but it looks and feels a lot more like a 3 to 4 star hotel. However, the rooms are clean and quiet and fit our needs.

Grand Canyon Rim-to-Rim

Six months after hiking the South Kaibab and Bright Angel Trails, Tim and I returned the Grand Canyon and hiked rim-to-rim…North Rim to the South Rim. It’s a massive hike, 23.5 miles in length, that crosses the Grand Canyon from one side to the other.

It’s challenging, it requires advance planning, and a high level of physical fitness and prior hiking experience are a necessity. 

We have two articles about the rim-to-rim hike. The first article covers the hike from start to finish. The second article covers the logistics such as what to pack, how to train, how to arrange the shuttle, doing the hike in one day or in multiple days, and more.

How to Hike the Grand Canyon Rim-to-Rim

Grand Canyon Rim-to-Rim Hike:  Planning Guide and Checklist

Did we miss anything? If you have questions or want to share your experience, comment below!

More Great Hikes in the United States:

Planning a trip to Arizona? Read all of our articles in our Arizona Destination Guide.

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Grand Canyon Hike Bright Angel Trail

Hike Grand Canyon South Kaibab Trail

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Comments 51

  1. We took this exact route in mid October, 2016. Took us 13 hours to complete from start to finish, due to my poor hiking boots (VERY IMPORTANT TO HAVE GOOD BOOTS) and my bad (big) toe nail which I had forgotten about, until we were 1.5 hours into going down and my poor hiking boots reminded my toe it was in bad shape to begin with. I knew I’d be better when the pressure was off and we could start going up. Loved your pictures, brought back memories! I would love to do it again. That said I now much better hiking boots. Lesson learned the hard way.

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      Hello Kelly. Thanks for sharing your experience! That’s a bummer about your toe nail. Happy hiking! Cheers, Julie

  2. I’m planning this hike for spring 2021. You provided such detailed information. I can’t thank you enough. I’ve read all the books, but a print-out of this webpage will be coming with me on the hike. Much appreciated!

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  3. Thank you so much for posting this. My daughter(21) and I(52) just completed this last week in under 8 hours with a stop off at the Canteen that added about a mile to the hike. I would like to add that you have to be diligent to avoid the mule droppings along the trails. I would also impress that proper boots to hike in are essential. Great post and we referred to it many times during the hike to gauge where we were. Small world, we ran into a family on the bright Angle Trail that we met on Boynton Pass Vortex 2 days earlier in Sedona.

    Thanks, this post was so helpful!

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  4. Thank you so much for sharing this with us. We’re planning to do this same hike on Mon (weather & trail condition permitting of course). It sounds like we’re not in as great of shape as you guys but we’ve been training the past 6 weeks in the mountains of VA (last weekend we did a 13 mile, 4225′ elevation gain hike and it was tough but we survived so hoping it prepared us for Mon). I was very skeptical we could/should do all this in one day but your story and pics has me VERY excited so thank you! 🙂

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  5. Thank you so much for posting all of this information and the endless tips! My husband and I had a 48 hour trip to Sedona planned (without our heavy 18 month old in tow) and we wanted to take full advantage of hiking the Grand Canyon without the extra weight. I originally planned for us to hike bright angel to plateau point but then I came across this article and we changed our plans! I will say we are definitely not in as great of shape as you guys though, it took us just over 8 hours and we started right after 8am. But wow was it amazing!!! Thank you again. Happy hiking

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      Hello Alura. I’m glad that you got to have this awesome experience…it’s so cool to stand on the rim and stand next to the Colorado River (and go back up to the rim) all in one day. Cheers, Julie

  6. This info is invaluable! Going to go for this exact hike in July. It’ll be a little hotter! I’m in shape, having done some ultra marathons this last year.
    This isn’t the first hike I’ve read on your site either. Some from Utah. Awesome job by your fam!

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      It’s a great hike! The South Kaibab trail is my favorite trail in the Grand Canyon, the views are unbelievable. If you have done ultra-marathons, another great hike for you is the rim-to-rim hike. We did it in June on a hot day and it was an unforgettable experience. Cheers, Julie

  7. Great article. If we park at the visitors center, take the shuttle to the South Kaibab trailhead, and finish our hike coming up the Bright Angel Trail, how do we get back to our vehicle at the Visitor Center? Is it close enough to walk? We are doing the hike in mid December and I am concerned we won’t find a shuttle back to our car.

    Thank you.

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      Hello Tim. The best way to get back to the Visitor Center is the shuttle. It operates all year round until 10 pm. Here is some info on the shuttle. If, for some reason, you miss the shuttle, you can walk to the visitor center, but it’s another 2 miles. I hope you have a great hike! Cheers, Julie

  8. Nice article.

    I live in northern Arizona have done this hike (as well as R2R and R2R2R) several times.

    The best time of year for this hike is spring (March-April) or Autumn (October-November). Summer is hot with 110-115°F temperatures at the bottom. The NPS correctly warns against a summer hike. But if you chose to do so, consider doing your hiking in the dark or early in the morning.

    Winter days are short so you might end up finishing in the dark. However, the trail is easy to follow and if the Moon is up this can be an amazing time of day. Grand Canyon gets a lot of snow in the winter—although rarely more than about half way down. Wearing foot traction and having hiking poles is helpful. Also, most of the water stations are turned off in the winter.

    Enjoy! This is a hard hike but very rewarding.

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  9. Hey there, thanks for the writeup. Can you run your own shuttle with a bicycle? Would it involve walking the half mile from the road to the S Kaibab trailhead to fetch your bike at the end of the day or could you drive up Yaki Point Road after hours?

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      Yes, you can run your own shuttle with a bicycle. We met someone on the trail who did this, but I do not know the specifics. There are signs on Yaki Point Road saying no cars, this is for the shuttle only, but we saw cars parked in the very small parking lot by the South Kaibab trailhead (I don’t know how those lucky cars were allowed to have those spots). Tim dropped me and Tyler off where Yaki Point road meets Desert View Drive, because of these signs, even though there was no gate to keep us from going further. Driving down Yaki Point is frowned upon, and even when Tim briefly stopped the car here, the shuttle bus driver yelled at us. At the end of the day, when the shuttle isn’t running, you might be able to drive down the road to pick up your bikes. Or, you could take the shuttle down the road to get them because I believe that the shuttles have room to carry three bikes (depending on how many people are in your group). Cheers, Julie

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