Julie Itinerary, Travel Advice 126 Comments

If you are planning your first trip to Europe, it can be an overwhelming experience. Where should you go? How much will it cost? How many places can you visit?

Does this sound familiar?

We get emails every day from people who want advice planning their first trip to Europe. And we see the same questions over and over again. So we wrote this post to answer your questions and give you some things to think about as you plan your Europe itinerary.

How to Plan Your First Trip to Europe

Don’t Try to See Everything on Your First Visit

I can’t tell you how many times we get emails that go something like this: “I have 10 days in Europe and I am planning to visit Rome, Venice, Paris, London and Belgium. Do you think that’s too rushed?”

It’s just like saying “I have 10 days in the United States. I would like to visit Boston, New York City, Washington DC, Miami, and Chicago. Do you think that’s too rushed?”

We get it. Europe is huge and it’s loaded with “must-see” spots. Paris, Rome, Barcelona, London, Amsterdam, and Venice all make the must-see list for many first time travelers Europe. They are all amazing places to visit. And with so many fantastic sites to see, it can be very difficult to narrow your list down to just a few destinations.

You will have a much better time if you don’t try to get to a new city every day. The longer you spend in each place, the more you get to know it. There are some cities, like London, Paris, and Rome, which literally could keep you very busy and very entertained for a good five or more days.

Here are some basic guidelines for how many places you can visit depending on how much time you have:

  • With 7 days: 2 cities OR one city with day trips
  • With 10 days: 3 cities OR 2 cities with day trips
  • With 14 days: 4 cities OR a road/train trip through one or two countries

Barcelona

Barcelona, Spain

If you look at your itinerary and you wonder if you are moving too fast or you are trying to squeeze too much in, odds are, you probably are.

If you have 10 days and you plan to visit 4 major cities, it can be done, but it will be a rushed, exhausting experience. And you will be spending most of that time on trains and planes. Don’t forget that you will have to spend time traveling between destinations as well as packing, unpacking, and checking into hotels.

Here is a sample itinerary through London, Amsterdam, and Paris:
  • Day 1: Arrive in London
  • Day 2: London
  • Day 3: London
  • Day 4: London
  • Day 5: Morning train to Amsterdam, sightseeing in the afternoon
  • Day 6: Amsterdam
  • Day 7: Morning train to Paris, sightseeing in the afternoon
  • Day 8: Paris
  • Day 9: Paris
  • Day 10: Fly home

On this itinerary you get to three major cities. And even this itinerary is a bit rushed. You could really use an extra day in each city simply because there is so much to see and do in each of them.

For some more examples on how to plan 10 days in Europe, check out these itineraries:

Examples of visiting 3 cities:

Examples of exploring one region:

Amsterdam at Twilight

Amsterdam

Don’t Forget to Factor in Travel Time

So let’s say that you have 10 days in Europe and you’ve narrowed down your itinerary to 3 cities. How do you get around?

That depends on where you are going.

For cities that are close to one another, say Barcelona, Madrid, and Seville, the train would be your best option. If you are visiting Stockholm, Copenhagen, and Amsterdam, then you will use a combination of planes and trains to get around.

Getting from city to city takes time, of course. And you need to factor this in, not only when planning your itinerary but also choosing where to go.

Just as a rough estimate, it will take about 4 hours, or half of a day, to get between two cities. This time can go up if the cities are far apart. So, if you are visiting three cities, you will lose about one day in total just traveling from place to place.

We usually plan to transfer between cities first thing in the morning. By taking an early train, we can usually check into our hotel by noon and have the entire afternoon for sightseeing. Occasionally, we will take an evening train if we want to have a little extra time in our departure city.

PRO TRAVEL TIP: What about luggage? Let’s say you arrive by train to Florence at 11 am. It’s too early to check into your hotel, so what should you do with your luggage? You have two options. You can either store you luggage at the luggage storage area in the train station (and retrieve it at the end of the day) or have your hotel hold your luggage for you. We email our hotel ahead of time just to make sure they can hold our luggage for us (but so far no one has told us no).

Dubrovnik Croatia

Dubrovnik, Croatia

Using Trains versus Planes

In some scenarios, you might have the option to fly or to take a train to get from one city to another. When looking at travel times, a one hour flight may look a lot more time efficient than a 3 hour high speed train, but that is not always the case.

There is much longer check-in process for flights (we usually check in two hours before our flight). For train travel, in most cases you can arrive just before your departure time, although some high-speed trains request that you arrive 30 minutes before departure time.

Train stations are located in city centers. From the station, it might be just a short walk or metro ride to get you to your hotel. Airports are located outside of the cities and it can take 15 to 30 minutes (or even longer in some cities) to get into the city center. You’ll have to do this twice and this could tack on another hour to your travel time if you plan to fly.

We tend to lean towards train travel whenever possible. It’s fast, it’s cheap, and it’s much more eco-friendly than plane travel.

PRO TRAVEL TIP: You can save time (and money on a hotel room) by booking an overnight train. It might also be worth getting a rail pass if you plan to hop from city to city.

Use Open Jaw Flights to Maximize Your Time

Open jaw flights arrive in one city and depart from a different city (for example, you arrive in London and depart from Paris).

You can save a lot of time by booking different arrival and departure cities.

Let’s say you want to visit Rome, Florence and Venice (who wouldn’t?!). If you fly to Rome and then fly home from Venice, you save about half of a day, the time it would take to backtrack to Rome.

In many cases, it is not more expensive to do this. We have flown open jaw many times for the same price as a round trip flight.

In some cases, it may be more expensive to fly open jaw. If it is, then you have to decide if it is worth spending a little extra money to save some time. Maybe it’s worth spending a little more money for extra time in Venice than to take the train back to Rome (and don’t forget to figure that train cost into the decision to take an open jaw flight).

Hallstatt Austria

Hallstatt, Austria

What about Jet Lag?

Jet lag is the feeling of fatigue you get from crossing multiple time zones. Some lucky people have minimal symptoms while others can feel exhausted for several days.

If you are flying to Europe from the USA, most likely you will be on an overnight flight, arriving in the morning or midday. There is a very good chance that you will feel tired on your first day but if you had trouble sleeping on the airplane, you may feel more like a zombie.

To get over jet lag quickly, it’s usually best to stay awake that first day and go to bed early. I will admit that there have been a few times where we took a midday nap because we desperately needed it.

With this being said, it is usually best not to schedule a busy list of things to do on the first day of your itinerary. Sure, you will be excited to be in a new place and that can be energizing, but it will still be difficult for most people to function at 100% on that first day.

Should You Rent a Car?

There are some spots in Europe that are simply perfect for a road trip. Norway, Ireland, Slovenia and the Balkan Peninsula are all some of our favorite spots to explore with the freedom that a rental car provides. But before you rent a car there are some things you should know before you go.

If you are considering renting a car for your European trip, we have an article all about exciting things like International Drivers Licenses, how to choose a rental car company, vignettes and more. Read it here:
 

10 Things to Know Before Renting a Car in Europe

Colmar France

Colmar, France

How Do We Plan Our Itineraries?

Before you plan out your itinerary you need to do some research first. Flight costs, time of year, hotel availability, and tour availability all need to be factored into your decision-making.

Let’s say you decide to spend 10 days in Ireland. What do you need to know before you start making reservations?

We start off by researching flight costs. If you can be flexible with your dates you might be able to save money by flying mid-week versus the weekend.

Once we have our flight dates, we plan out our itinerary within those specific dates.

If you are planning a tour or a visit to a major attraction, make sure those dates align and work with your itinerary.

You can also do a quick hotel search to make sure that there are no surprises with hotel costs or availability. If you are booking your trip well in advance (4 months or earlier) this will be less of an issue. But at destinations like the Isle of Skye, the Lofoten Islands, the Cinque Terre, the islands in Croatia, and the south coast of Iceland, hotels can sell out many months in advance, leaving either no availability or dreadful places that you normally wouldn’t consider.

Once everything looks like it works out, we book our flights and then book the hotels, the rental car (if necessary) and activities.

Nowadays, with the increase in tourism, it also helps to research the main sights you are visiting and then book your tickets in advance. We recently went to San Francisco and missed out on touring Alcatraz because tickets were sold out for three months!!

In our articles, we let you know what you need to reserve ahead of time to avoid disappointment (like our Alcatraz experience). It may be extra work to book your tickets ahead of time, but in today’s world it has become a necessity in order to see some of the world’s most popular sites.


Have fun planning your first trip to Europe! And if you still have questions about your itinerary, feel free to comment below.

For more travel ideas and inspiration, take a look at our Itineraries page. We have lots of sample itineraries for Europe as well as Asia, Africa, South America, and the USA.

 

More Information to Help You Plan your First Trip to Europe

 

First Trip to Europe Itinerary

 

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Comments 126

  1. Avatar for Jen
    Jen

    This is a great advice. My daughter and I are planning a 10 day trip. We plan on visiting London, Brussels, and Amsterdam in that order. We are are thinking 3 nights in each city. We plan on doing 1 day trip from Brussels to Bruges. We keep going back and forth if we should shorten Brussels and add an extra day to London or Amsterdam? I did read your blogs about each city. I’m sure whatever we end up doing we will love it.

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      Hello Jen. We have an Amsterdam Brussels Paris itinerary, if you haven’t seen that yet. In my opinion, I recommend 2 days in Brussels, since there is more to do in both Paris and London, and we just liked those 2 cities more than Brussels. Since you will be arriving in London, you could schedule a very early train from London to Brussels and spend the rest of that day sightseeing in Brussels. Use the second day in Belgium to day trip to Bruges and maybe Ghent. The following day, in the morning, take a high speed train to Paris. And yes, you are right, whatever you end up doing, it will be great. That entire area is a lot of fun to visit. Have a great trip! Cheers, Julie

  2. Avatar for Violet
    Violet

    Hello Julie, this was such a wonderful blog. I am looking to travel to Rome, Paris, and London, in that order this August. While in Rome I am trying to squeeze in the Vatican city because I would love to visit St. Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine chapel. After which I would like to include Florence, Venice, and Verona in my itinerary as well, I have to visit the Uffizi gallery. Then my target in Paris is not only to try to see the Louvre but also the Cathedral Notre-Dame d’Amiens, Notre Dame de Reims, and the Chartres Cathedral among other sites. London is more of a visiting family deal but a couple must visit locations for me would be the British Museum and the Lord’s cricket stadium. I will most likely be with my parents who are in their sixties. I would love some tips on how to keep them energized. Also, do you think I am trying to bite off more than I can chew? I have drafted an itinerary of 15 days. I might be able to extend it to 20 ish days. I have the flexibility with my job but sadly, I don’t think my parents do. I may just have them fly from Rome to London directly and stay with the family, while I do the rest of the itinerary myself and I can join them later in London. What would you suggest I do? Thank you in advance. 🙂

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      Hello Violet. This sounds like a nice trip you are planning. Rome, Florence, Verona, and Venice can easily take up 8 to 10 days. Paris needs 1 to 2 days to see the sights (only 1 day if you only want to see the Louvre), but each cathedral you mention looks like they can each be done as a day trip from Paris. So, for Paris plus the cathedrals, you need a bare minimum of 4 days. Then, travel time from Venice to Paris and Paris to London (a half day each). Plus time in London. So you will need 20 days to do everything on your list. We recently traveled with our Mom’s (they were in their mid-60’s to early 70’s) and they kept up pretty good, until about 4 or 5 pm when they were done for the day. So not packing in a lot of activities is a good idea if you are traveling with your parents (of course, this is dependent on the activity and energy levels). If you want to shorten your trip, then take out the cathedrals in France, Verona, and/or Florence. Cheers, Julie

      1. Avatar for Violet
  3. Avatar for Lynette Putzier
    Lynette Putzier

    We are planning on visiting Europe next July/August 2023. For our train journeys in Spain and Italy, would you suggest I pre-book tickets using Omio or trainline.com? Same for the bus journeys in Portugal. I like to be super organised and have all flights/train/bus journeys pre-booked.

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      We have no experience using Omio or Trainline. When we book our train tickets for Italy, we use either Trenitalia or Italiarail. And when we booked train tickets for Spain (which was just a few day trips from Barcelona so far) we did it directly at the train station right before the journey. With Trainline and Omio, since you are booking through a third party, there might be a small mark up for tickets, but you could check this out by comparing prices on the direct websites. However, Omio and Trainline presents all of your options in one place, so it makes it easier to find available options. Also, trains usually can’t be booked more than 3 to 6 months in advance, since that is when the next train schedules are released. So you might not be able to book your tickets until spring 2023, but again, this can vary from train company to train company, but that would be worth confirming now as well. I think booking your tickets on Omio or Trainline is fine, but you could also use them to research available options and then book your tickets on the direct website. Cheers, Julie

      1. Avatar for Lynette Putzier
  4. Avatar for Debby Schlesinger
    Debby Schlesinger

    I’m almost finished planning a trip to Germany, Austria, & Switzerland. We are arriving & departing from Munich, Austria. We will travel to Passau, Austria for a 8 day/7 night Boat/Bike trip, stopping in different ports, ending up with a free day in Vienna, then back to Passau. After this we plan to travel to Switzerland: Grindelwald for 3 nights, Laukerbad for 2 nights, and Zermatt for 6 nights (where my husband will attempt to climb the Matterhorn). I’ve been planning a hikes based on your suggestions (Thanks!!). We have 2 more nights to plan before our last night in Munich. I wanted to stop somewhere along the way with something to see/do., as well as break up the travel. (we will be traveling by train), Any suggestions? I plan on getting a Swiss Travel Pass for train expenses (we have 15 days total in Switzerland, but the first 2 we will have a car).

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      Hello Debby. One idea would be to ride the Glacier Express Train from Zermatt to St. Moritz. We have not done this but would love to at some point because it sounds beautiful. You could spend a day in St. Moritz and then continue on to Munich. The Dolomites of Italy are another option, but it can be a challenging area without a rental car. A third option is to visit Innsbruck, Austria on the way to Munich. You can get here by train but I am not sure of what the exact route is from Zermatt. Have fun in Europe and good luck to your husband! Cheers, Julie

  5. Avatar for Rodney
    Rodney

    I am planning to visit Italy and France in September. I will have 14 days. Would like to see Rome, Amalfi Coast, Florence, Venice, and Paris. Wanna fly inot Rome and out of France.

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      With that list, I recommend starting with itinerary #2 on our 10 days in Italy guide. Rather than visiting Tuscany, take 2 days to visit Venice. Then use your remaining time in France (it won’t be much time). You could take a day from Rome to give yourself more time in France. In my opinion, to make the Amalfi Coast worth it, you need to spend about 3 days here (there is a lot to do here…so far we have spent 3 days in Sorrento/Amalfi and are planning another week here this fall since there is so much to do). Alternatively, since you won’t have much time in France, you could do our 14 day Italy itinerary and visit France on a separate trip. Cheers, Julie

  6. Avatar for Missa
    Missa

    I will be taking my 19 y/o son with me to Europe for the first time. We have 7 days. I like the Amsterdam-Paris-Switzerland itinerary you mentioned. My only problem is that I really have no idea what to do, where to go… the must do/see. Any suggestions to make this an awesome experience for both of us? Best—Missa

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      We have lots of info about all of these places here on our website. To get you started, here are the links to Paris, Amsterdam, and Switzerland. If you have 7 days, I recommend limiting your visit to just Paris and Amsterdam. There is plenty to do in both cities to keep you busy for 7 days. You could fly into Amsterdam, spend 2 to 3 days here, take a train to Paris, and spend the rest of the time here, similar to this 10 day itinerary (with the exception of Brussels, since you need more time to visit this location). Cheers, Julie

  7. Avatar for Inesh
    Inesh

    Hello!!
    I am planning my first trip to europe of about 10-12 days . I have decided to spend 2 days in paris and 4-5 in Switzerland but don’t know what to do with the rest of the time. Also i m not looking to go to Italy atm .Can you suugest any ideas for what to do or where to go in that time?

    1. Avatar for Julie Post
      Author
      Julie

      You could extend your time in Switzerland and visit more of Switzerland. Or, you could add on Amsterdam (doing Amsterdam -> Paris -> Switzerland) or add in the Alsace wine region in the middle (Paris -> Colmar -> Switzerland). Both of those are near places you already plan to visit so you don’t spend much travel time to get to them. Cheers, Julie

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