How to Plan a Europe Itinerary

7 Things to Know When Planning Your First Trip to Europe

Julie Itinerary, Travel Advice 54 Comments

If you are planning your first trip to Europe, it can be an overwhelming experience. Where should you go? How much will it cost? How many places can you visit?

Does this sound familiar?

We get emails every day from people who want advice planning their first trip to Europe. And we see the same questions over and over again. So we wrote this post to answer your questions and give you some things to think about as you plan your Europe itinerary.

How to Plan Your First Trip to Europe

Don’t Try to See Everything on Your First Visit

I can’t tell you how many times we get emails that go something like this: “I have 10 days in Europe and I am planning to visit Rome, Venice, Paris, London and Belgium. Do you think that’s too rushed?”

It’s just like saying “I have 10 days in the United States. I would like to visit Boston, New York City, Washington DC, Miami, and Chicago. Do you think that’s too rushed?”

We get it. Europe is huge and it’s loaded with “must-see” spots. Paris, Rome, Barcelona, London, Amsterdam, and Venice all make the must-see list for many first time travelers Europe. They are all amazing places to visit. And with so many fantastic sites to see, it can be very difficult to narrow your list down to just a few destinations.

You will have a much better time if you don’t try to get to a new city every day. The longer you spend in each place, the more you get to know it. There are some cities, like London, Paris, and Rome, which literally could keep you very busy and very entertained for a good five or more days.

Here are some basic guidelines for how many places you can visit depending on how much time you have:

  • With 7 days: 2 cities OR one city with day trips
  • With 10 days: 3 cities OR 2 cities with day trips
  • With 14 days: 4 cities OR a road/train trip through one or two countries

Barcelona

Barcelona, Spain

If you look at your itinerary and you wonder if you are moving too fast or you are trying to squeeze too much in, odds are, you probably are.

If you have 10 days and you plan to visit 4 major cities, it can be done, but it will be a rushed, exhausting experience. And you will be spending most of that time on trains and planes. Don’t forget that you will have to spend time traveling between destinations as well as packing, unpacking, and checking into hotels.

Here is a sample itinerary through London, Amsterdam, and Paris:
  • Day 1: Arrive in London
  • Day 2: London
  • Day 3: London
  • Day 4: London
  • Day 5: Morning train to Amsterdam, sightseeing in the afternoon
  • Day 6: Amsterdam
  • Day 7: Morning train to Paris, sightseeing in the afternoon
  • Day 8: Paris
  • Day 9: Paris
  • Day 10: Fly home

On this itinerary you get to three major cities. And even this itinerary is a bit rushed. You could really use an extra day in each city simply because there is so much to see and do in each of them.

For some more examples on how to plan 10 days in Europe, check out these itineraries:

Examples of visiting 3 cities:

Examples of exploring one region:

Amsterdam at Twilight

Amsterdam

Don’t Forget to Factor in Travel Time

So let’s say that you have 10 days in Europe and you’ve narrowed down your itinerary to 3 cities. How do you get around?

That depends on where you are going.

For cities that are close to one another, say Barcelona, Madrid, and Seville, the train would be your best option. If you are visiting Stockholm, Copenhagen, and Amsterdam, then you will use a combination of planes and trains to get around.

Getting from city to city takes time, of course. And you need to factor this in, not only when planning your itinerary but also choosing where to go.

Just as a rough estimate, it will take about 4 hours, or half of a day, to get between two cities. This time can go up if the cities are far apart. So, if you are visiting three cities, you will lose about one day in total just traveling from place to place.

We usually plan to transfer between cities first thing in the morning. By taking an early train, we can usually check into our hotel by noon and have the entire afternoon for sightseeing. Occasionally, we will take an evening train if we want to have a little extra time in our departure city.

Pro Travel Tip: What about luggage? Let’s say you arrive by train to Florence at 11 am. It’s too early to check into your hotel, so what should you do with your luggage? You have two options. You can either store you luggage at the luggage storage area in the train station (and retrieve it at the end of the day) or have your hotel hold your luggage for you. We email our hotel ahead of time just to make sure they can hold our luggage for us (but so far no one has told us no).

Dubrovnik Croatia

Dubrovnik, Croatia

Using Trains versus Planes

In some scenarios, you might have the option to fly or to take a train to get from one city to another. When looking at travel times, a one hour flight may look a lot more time efficient than a 3 hour high speed train, but that is not always the case.

There is much longer check-in process for flights (we usually check in two hours before our flight). For train travel, in most cases you can arrive just before your departure time, although some high-speed trains request that you arrive 30 minutes before departure time.

Train stations are located in city centers. From the station, it might be just a short walk or metro ride to get you to your hotel. Airports are located outside of the cities and it can take 15 to 30 minutes (or even longer in some cities) to get into the city center. You’ll have to do this twice and this could tack on another hour to your travel time if you plan to fly.

We tend to lean towards train travel whenever possible. It’s fast, it’s cheap, and it’s much more eco-friendly than plane travel.

Pro Travel Tip: You can save time (and money on a hotel room) by booking an overnight train. It might also be worth getting a rail pass if you plan to hop from city to city.

Use Open Jaw Flights to Maximize Your Time

Open jaw flights arrive in one city and depart from a different city (for example, you arrive in London and depart from Paris).

You can save a lot of time by booking different arrival and departure cities.

Let’s say you want to visit Rome, Florence and Venice (who wouldn’t?!). If you fly to Rome and then fly home from Venice, you save about half of a day, the time it would take to backtrack to Rome.

In many cases, it is not more expensive to do this. We have flown open jaw many times for the same price as a round trip flight.

In some cases, it may be more expensive to fly open jaw. If it is, then you have to decide if it is worth spending a little extra to save some time. Maybe it’s worth spending a little more money for extra time in Venice than to take the train back to Rome (and don’t forget to figure that train cost into the decision to take an open jaw flight).

Hallstatt Austria

Hallstatt, Austria

What about Jet Lag?

Jet lag is the feeling of fatigue you get from crossing multiple time zones. Some lucky people have minimal symptoms while others can feel exhausted for several days.

If you are flying to Europe from the USA, most likely you will be on an overnight flight, arriving in the morning or midday. There is a very good chance that you will feel tired on your first day but if you had trouble sleeping on the airplane, you may feel more like a zombie.

To get over jet lag quickly, it’s usually best to stay awake that first day and go to bed early. I will admit that there have been a few times where we took a midday nap because we desperately needed it.

With this being said, it is usually best not to schedule a busy list of things to do on the first day of your itinerary. Sure, you will be excited to be in a new place and that can be energizing, but it will still be difficult for most people to function at 100% on that first day.

Should You Rent a Car?

There are some spots in Europe that are simply perfect for a road trip. Norway, Ireland, Slovenia and the Balkan Peninsula are all some of our favorite spots to explore with the freedom that a rental car provides. But before you rent a car there are some things you should know before you go.

If you are considering renting a car for your European trip, we have an article all about exciting things like International Drivers Licenses, how to choose a rental car company, vignettes and more. Read it here:

10 Things to Know Before Renting a Car in Europe

Colmar France

Colmar, France

How Do We Plan Our Itineraries?

Before you plan out your itinerary you need to do some research first. Flight costs, time of year, hotel availability, and tour availability all need to be factored into your decision-making.

Let’s say you decide to spend 10 days in Ireland. What do you need to know before you start making reservations?

We start off by researching flight costs. If you can be flexible with your dates you might be able to save money by flying mid-week versus the weekend.

Once we have our flight dates, we plan out our itinerary within those specific dates.

If you are planning a tour or a visit to a major attraction, make sure those dates align and work with your itinerary.

You can also do a quick hotel search to make sure that there are no surprises with hotel costs or availability. If you are booking your trip well in advance (4 months or earlier) this will be less of an issue. But at destinations like the Isle of Skye, the Lofoten Islands, the Cinque Terre, and islands in Croatia, hotels can sell out many months in advance, leaving either no availability or dreadful places that you normally wouldn’t consider.

Once everything looks like it works out, we book our flights and then book the hotels, the rental car (if necessary) and activities.

Nowadays, with the increase in tourism, it also helps to research the main sights you are visiting and then book your tickets in advance. We recently went to San Francisco and missed out on touring Alcatraz because tickets were sold out for three months!!

In our articles, we let you know what you need to reserve ahead of time to avoid disappointment (like our Alcatraz experience). It may be extra work to book your tickets ahead of time, but in today’s world it has become a necessity in order to see some of the world’s most popular sites.


Have fun planning your trip to Europe! And if you still have questions about your itinerary, feel free to comment below.

For more travel ideas and inspiration, take a look at our Itineraries page. We have lots of sample itineraries for Europe as well as Asia, Africa, South America, and the USA.

More Information to Help You Plan your Trip to Europe:

First Trip to Europe Itinerary

Comments 54

  1. Thank you for the helpful information! I am planning a trip for 2 couples. We are starting in Ireland and planning 7 days there and then going some place “different” for 7 days. Can you recommned an area that is different from Ireland but fairly easy to get to to explore for the other 7 days?

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      Author

      Hello Chrissy. From Dublin or Belfast, you can look into taking a cheap, quick flight to another destination in Europe. For something very different, you could fly to Barcelona (stay here for 7 days and take a bunch of day trips), Rome and Florence, or Dubrovnik, Croatia. Closer to Ireland, but with similar landscapes, are Norway, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland. Scotland is very close and easy to get to but also very similar. Finally, you could do a Paris Amsterdam trip with 7 days. Lots to choose from!! Have fun deciding. 🙂 Cheers, Julie

  2. Julie.
    My daughter is studying abroad in Vienna, so my husband and sons(ages 20) will be meeting her in Vienna Dec.20 and leaving from Lisbon Jan. 2nd. All want to celebrate New Years there. Our plan was Vienna, Italy, Spain ,Morocco and Lisbon. I have been reading your comments about doing too much. Our first time in Europe. Suggestions. Obviously Vienna and Lisbon are a must, ticket is booked to and from there. We do not want to be too rushed, but want all to get a taste so hopefully we return at a later time or are we better just spending more time in a destination. Your thoughts. Thank you.

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      Author

      Hello Abbi. Yes, that’s a lot to do in 2 weeks. Plan to spend 2 to 3 days each in Vienna and Lisbon. That will take up 4 to 6 days of your 2 weeks. With the remaining time, you can spend more time in Austria and Portugal, OR add in some of Spain OR Italy. I think it’s best to save Morocco for its own 10 – 14 day trip in the future. Trying to get to too many places will just make it rushed and you’ll spend a lot of time on trains. So you will have 7 to 9 days to use. There’s an endless amount of ways to use this time. You could do Venice, Florence, Tuscany, OR park yourself in Barcelona and take a lot of day trips, or from Vienna, fly to Seville and work your way to southern Portugal and up to Lisbon. It can be hard to decide where to go but there really is no “wrong” decision when it comes to Europe. It’s such a fun place to visit. Cheers, Julie

  3. Hi Julie,

    Thank you very much for the wonderful and helpful information; would you please recommend me places to be visited in August for 10 days journey ( I’m planning to visit Barcelona, Vince and Switzerland)
    My interest is walking and wandering around cities and sight scenes

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      Author
  4. Hi Julie!

    I am relatively new to traveling abroad… as in I used to travel with my family abroad a lot when I was younger, but now I am planning a trip for my boyfriend and I without them for the first time! I stumbled across your blog while looking for good itineraries for a two-week trip to Italy and what you have mapped out in your 14 Day Italy Itinerary post is almost exactly what I had in mind. I was wondering if you had the nitty-gritty details of what you did for that trip, such as what airports you used, any cheap (but still safe/quality) hotels, transport, or activities, and any other first timer tips.

    Thank you!

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      Author

      Hello Josie. For all of these details, you will have to sift through our individual blog posts on Italy. In these posts, we give recommendations for hotels. As far as airports, for our 14 day Italy itinerary you would fly into Rome and out of Venice. Connect the cities by train. Check out our Italy Travel Guide to see all of our posts. I don’t have a post specifically just about transportation, but our How to Travel from Rome to Sorrento post will give you some info on how to use the trains. I hope this helps and let me know if you have more questions. Cheers, Julie

  5. I have read that it is “necessary” to carry a travel belt with passport and extra money.
    Was wondering if you have used one and if so which brand have you found to be good?
    Or have you left passports locked in luggage at the hotel and taken a copy of your passport while exploring around?

    I am traveling alone to London, Amsterdam, Brussels, and Paris. Have heard expecially in Paris about the infamous pick-pockets so any advice would be helpful.

    Tank you!

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      Author

      We never wear a travel belt. Most of the time, we lock them in the hotel safe and carry a photocopy of the passports with us. Occasionally, Tim will carry them in his backpack, but that depends on the situation and where we are. So far, knock on wood, we have never had an issue. But yes, beware of pickpockets, especially in Paris, and especially on the metro and busy touristy areas. Pacsafe makes backpacks and purse – like bags that are lockable, so pickpockets can’t get into your bag. I carry our camera in a Pacsafe bag and carry it right in front of me and have never had someone try to get into it. Just don’t put anything into your pockets and keep your bag in front of you, whatever you are carrying. Also, don’t accept anything if someone tries to hand you something. It may be to distract you or they might demand you pay for what they just “gave you.” Hope this helps! Cheers, Julie

  6. Hi Julie!

    this is some very helpful information! Im looking into visiting Europe in November. I want to visit Paris, Rome, London, Florence, Venice, Barcelona, and end up in Santorini haha is that possible in 2.5-3 weeks? if so where should I start?

    thank you!

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      Author

      If you average 3 days per city that puts you right at 21 days, including Santorini. You can get by with 2 days in Venice and Florence. Take these 2 days and add them to London, Barcelona, Rome, or Santorini. Here’s the order I recommend: London – train to Paris – Paris – flight or train to Barcelona – Barcelona – fly to Venice – Venice – train to Florence – Florence – train to Rome – Rome – fly to Santorini. Depending on flights to Santorini, you may find more options from Venice. If this is the case, reverse the order through Italy (Rome – Florence – Venice). Have fun! Cheers, Julie

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